Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 67–73 | Cite as

Hypoxia increases the release of salmon cardiac peptide (sCP) from the heart of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under constant mechanical load in vitro

  • Olli Arjamaa
  • Olli Vuolteenaho
  • Elina Kivi
  • Mikko Nikinmaa


Our aim was to study the effects of hypoxia on the release of salmon cardiac peptide (sCP) from an isolated heart ventricle of trout during a constant mechanical load. Trout heart ventricles were studied in vitro. The ventricle was placed in an organ bath at 12 °C in which a constant mechanical load could be imposed on the ventricle while buffer solution was circulating. Ventricles were field-stimulated with a supramaximal voltage pulse at a rate of about 0.3 s−1. Samples of 1 ml were collected at an interval of 10 min for 200 min from the organ bath and assessed with a radioimmunoassay for sCP. After a control period of 20 min, ventricles were exposed to hypoxia produced with N2 gassing (n = 9) or to hypoxia with 20 mM BDM, a nonselective myosin ATPase inhibitor locking cross-bridges in a pre-power-stroke state inhibiting force production with normal electrical activity (n = 10). In this model and setup, hypoxia stimulated the release of sCP, but the interindividual variation in the response was large. At the end of hypoxia exposure, the concentration of sCP in the organ bath was about sixfold higher than at the start of the exposure (P < 0.05, one-way ANOVA for repeated measurements, followed by Dunnett’s multiple comparison test). When BDM was introduced into the bath, the ventricle still secreted sCP but the hypoxic response was smaller than in the experiments without BDM. In the trout heart ventricle, there is a hypoxia-sensitive component in the release mechanism of sCP which is independent of contraction.


Trout heart hypoxia salmon cardiac peptide sCP 2,3-butanedione monoxime BDM 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the technical assistance Ms Tuula Lumijärvi.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olli Arjamaa
    • 1
  • Olli Vuolteenaho
    • 2
  • Elina Kivi
    • 1
  • Mikko Nikinmaa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Laboratory of Animal PhysiologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of Physiology, Biocenter OuluUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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