Implication of melatonin in oocyte maturation in Indian major carp Catla catla

  • Saumen Kumar Maitra
  • Asamanja Chattoraj
  • Sharmistha Bhattacharyya
Research Article


Importance of melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) in the regulation of oocyte maturation has been studied in a carp Catla catla. Melatonin secretory cells were immunocytochemically localized only in the end vesicle. Diurnal and seasonal studies indicated that the serum levels of melatonin exhibit a minimum diurnal value in the mid-day of all seasons, but the peak value is attained either at mid-night or just before the onset of light. Moreover, highest seasonal value of melatonin was noted in the post-spawning phase. Administration of melatonin at different doses (25, 50, or 100 μg/100 g body weight) for 1, 15, or 30 days resulted in either pro- or anti-gonadal effects depending on the reproductive seasons. In vitro study revealed that incubation of oocytes with melatonin 4h prior to addition of MIH in the medium led to an accelerated rate of oocyte maturation through the formation of a complex of two proteins (MPF), cyclin B and cyclin dependant kinase, Cdc2. Moreover, melatonin pre-incubation considerably increased MIH stimulation of histone H1 phosphorylation as compared to MIH alone. Taken together, gathered information promotes the idea of a physiological role of melatonin in the maturation of oocytes in Catla catla.


Annual cycle Catla Carp Diurnal cycle Melatonin Oocyte maturation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saumen Kumar Maitra
    • 1
  • Asamanja Chattoraj
    • 1
  • Sharmistha Bhattacharyya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyVisva-Bharati UniversitySantiniketanIndia

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