Firefighter Wayfinding in Dark Environments Monitored by RFID
A building on fire is a smoky and dark environment both for firefighters and for civilians trapped inside. The faster firefighters find a way to search for and rescue civilians at a fire scene, the higher the survival rate of those trapped inside. This study presents a discussion on the characteristics of firefighter wayfinding under low visibility. The firefighters who participated in this study underwent testing at a training ground. The participants’ search and wayfinding paths were recorded using radiofrequency identification (RFID) technology. The results revealed that the mean searching time in each room decreased from 135 to 19 s as the firefighters became increasingly familiarized with the task. As expected, data also shows that smaller rooms contributed to shorter searching times. Most participants could manage a maximum of three rooms, with wayfinding confusion manifested after they had searched through the third room. These findings are crucial for the design of fireground strategies and training.
KeywordsFirefighter Wayfinding RFID Dark environment
- 5.Punakallio A, Lusa S, Luukkonen R (2003). Protective equipment affects balance abilities differently in younger and older firefighters. Aviat Space Environ Med 74:1151–1156Google Scholar
- 9.Van Oranje C, Schindler R et al (2009) Study on the requirements and options for radio frequency identification (RFID) application in healthcare. RAND Corporation, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
- 10.Lieshout MV, Grossi L et al (2007) RFID technologies: Emerging issues, challenges and policy options. European CommissionGoogle Scholar