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Fire Technology

, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp 805–822 | Cite as

Development of a Traceable Fire Alarm System Based on the Conventional Fire Alarm System

  • Seung-Wook Jee
  • Chun-Ha Lee
  • Si-Kuk Kim
  • Jae-Jin Lee
  • Phil-Young Kim
Article

Abstract

Many countries use conventional fire alarm control panels (FACPs) and conventional detectors as fire alarm systems (FASs) because of economic advantages. This study analyzes several problems with conventional FASs and describes an advanced FAS, the traceable FAS, that we developed to solve these problems. The traceable FAS can trace the exact location of a fire, can detect multiple fires that occur simultaneously, and can be used with conventional detectors without disrupting the other detectors operation. The traceable FAS consists of a traceable FACP based on the conventional FACP and a traceable heat detector based on the rate-of-rise spot-type conventional heat detector. The new system offers traceability in addition to all the features of the conventional FAS. The traceable FACP has 40 zones; one zone can connect up to 20 traceable heat detectors. Thus, this FACP can connect up to 800 traceable heat detectors, all of which can detect and trace exact fire locations in sequence. Furthermore, the traceable FACP can be used with both traceable heat detectors and conventional heat detectors in the same zone. Even if one detector (either traceable heat detector or conventional heat detector) detects a fire first, other traceable heat detectors in the same zone can also detect it and display the results on the traceable FACP. Prototypes of the traceable FACP and traceable heat detector (rate-of-rise spot-type) have officially received model approvals for use in South Korea. Conventional FASs can be upgraded to traceable FASs simply by changing to the traceable FACP and traceable heat detectors, without any rewiring.

Keywords

Fire alarm system Fire alarm control panel Heat detector Conventional fire alarm system Traceable fire alarm system 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Emergency Management Agency in South Korea.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seung-Wook Jee
    • 1
  • Chun-Ha Lee
    • 1
  • Si-Kuk Kim
    • 1
  • Jae-Jin Lee
    • 2
  • Phil-Young Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fire & Disaster Protection EngineeringHoseo UniversityAsan-siKorea
  2. 2.TST Co.Gunpo siKorea

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