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Euphytica

, Volume 212, Issue 2, pp 201–212 | Cite as

Genome-wide association study identifies genetic factors for grain filling rate and grain drying rate in maize

  • Jing Zhang
  • Jinjie Guo
  • Yang Liu
  • Dongmei Zhang
  • Yongfeng Zhao
  • Liying Zhu
  • Yaqun Huang
  • Zhongqin Zhang
  • Jingtang Chen
Article
  • 421 Downloads

Abstract

Grain filling rate (GFR) and grain drying rate (GDR) are important for maize final yield determination and adaptability. To identify marker-trait associations and candidate genes, a diverse maize population consisting of 290 inbred lines was used and a genome-wide association study was conducted with 201 SSR markers. GFR and GDR of all stages showed broad phenotypic variations and a total of 33 and 20 excellent lines were selected out for GFR and GDR in the five heterosis groups. Furthermore, 50 significant associations were detected within 30 different markers, of which, 33 and 17 of all associations were respectively corresponding to GFR and GDR of all periods in all environments. Interestingly, two candidate genes of sus1 and pdk1 functioning in starch synthesis were possibly linked to two detected markers of umc1771 and mmc0241 for GFR. Additionally, wx1 matching phi027 for GFR at 20 days encoding a protein was also predicted to relate to starch synthesis. Therefore, those results provide useful information for our understanding on genetic basis in the control of GFR and GDR as well as tools for marker-assisted selection in maize breeding.

Keywords

Maize Grain filling rate Grain drying rate Genome-wide association study 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0101204–3), Research Fund for New Teachers of the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20131302120001), Modern Agricultural Technology System Maize Innovation Team of Hebei Province (HBCT2013020204) and startup funds from Agricultural University of Hebei (Grant ZD201609 to Z.Z.).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Zhang
    • 1
  • Jinjie Guo
    • 1
  • Yang Liu
    • 1
  • Dongmei Zhang
    • 1
  • Yongfeng Zhao
    • 1
  • Liying Zhu
    • 1
  • Yaqun Huang
    • 1
  • Zhongqin Zhang
    • 1
  • Jingtang Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Hebei Sub-center for National Maize Improvement Center, Key Laboratory Constructed by Ministry of Education and Hebei Province, Key Laboratory for Crop Germplasm Resources of Hebei, North China Key Laboratory for Crop Germplasm Resources of Education Ministry, College of Agronomy, Agricultural University of HebeiBaodingChina

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