, Volume 185, Issue 2, pp 215–225 | Cite as

Development of mulberry varieties for sustainable growth and leaf yield in temperate and subtropical regions of India

  • S. Gandhi Doss
  • S. P. Chakraborti
  • S. Roychowdhuri
  • N. K. Das
  • K. Vijayan
  • P. D. Ghosh


Sericulture is an agro-based industry, which heavily depends on mulberry (Morus spp.) for its sustainability, as mulberry leaf is the only available feed for the silkworm Bombyx mori L. Sericulture, in West Bengal and other subtropical regions in India, suffers from lack of adequate quantity of quality mulberry leaf during the colder months, the best season for rearing the high yielding bivoltine silkworm hybrids. In order to develop mulberry varieties, which can sustain normal growth during these colder months to yield better, efforts have been made in different research institutes in India. The present report is part of such an effort in which accessions in germplasm bank were screened for better growth, leaf retention and leaf yield contributing associated traits. Twenty three selected parents were crossed, 3,500 seeds were sown, 2,700 seedlings were transplanted to progeny row trail, selected 210 hybrids were evaluated under primary yield trial and finally nine hybrids along with a control variety were studied in detail for all leaf yield contributing traits under final yield trial. Stability analysis was adopted to identify hybrids, which can yield stably across seasons. The hybrids CT-44 and CT-11 out yielding the control by 17.17 and 7.11% were selected as these hybrids yield 7.93 and 8.15 mt/ha leaf respectively during the colder months (February) for their direct use as cultivars in West Bengal and other subtropical areas of India to sustain bivoltine sericulture to produce quality and gradable silk fibers.


Cold tolerance Leaf yield Mulberry Silkworm Stability analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Gandhi Doss
    • 1
    • 4
  • S. P. Chakraborti
    • 1
  • S. Roychowdhuri
    • 1
  • N. K. Das
    • 1
  • K. Vijayan
    • 2
  • P. D. Ghosh
    • 3
  1. 1.Central Sericultural Research and Training InstituteBerhamporeIndia
  2. 2.Central Silk BoardBTM LayoutBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Cytogenetics and Tissue culture Laboratory., Department of BotanyUniversity of KalyaniNadiaIndia
  4. 4.Central Sericultural Research and Training InstituteMysoreIndia

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