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Euphytica

, Volume 167, Issue 1, pp 113–125 | Cite as

Inheritance of anthocyanins in berries of Vitis vinifera grapes

  • Zhenchang Liang
  • Chunxiang Yang
  • Jun Yang
  • Benhong Wu
  • Lijun Wang
  • Jieshan Cheng
  • Shaohua Li
Article

Abstract

Inheritance patterns for table grape anthocyanins were investigated on three cross offspring populations during two successive years. Sixteen anthocyanins were detected, and all were monoglucoside derivatives. The proportion of anthocyanins in the maternal parent determined the proportion of anthocyanins in the offspring. But the absolute content of the maternal parent had no significant effect on progenies. Peonidin 3-O-glucoside and malvidin 3-O-glucoside were the most abundant anthocyanins, not only in the maternal parent but also in the progenies. The presence or absence of anthocyanins in grape skin was inheritance of a quality character controlled by oligogenes, and anthocyanins content was a quantitative character controlled by polygenes. Via principal component (PC) analysis, factors that affected the total content of cross progeny populations were peonidin 3-O-glucoside, malvidin 3-O-glucoside, delphinidin 3-O-glucoside, cyanidin 3-O-glucoside, petunidin 3-O-glucoside, peonidin 3-O-(6-O-coumaryl)-glucoside, and malvidin 3-O-(6-O-coumaryl)-glucoside. Anthocyanins content was a high broad sense heritability character (H2), and H2 was stable in different cross combinations (ranging from 0.65 to 0.98).

Keywords

Anthocyanin Broad-sense heritability Climatic condition Table grape 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Funds of China [30771494] and the Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [KSCX2-YW-N-032]. We would also like to thank Dr. Wayne Loescher (Professor, Michigan State University, MI, USA) for his critical review of the manuscript and beneficial comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenchang Liang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chunxiang Yang
    • 1
  • Jun Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Benhong Wu
    • 1
  • Lijun Wang
    • 1
  • Jieshan Cheng
    • 1
  • Shaohua Li
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Wuhan Botanical Garden, The Chinese Academy of SciencesWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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