, Volume 154, Issue 1–2, pp 63–74 | Cite as

Characterization of fall and spring plantings of Galician cabbage germplasm for agronomic, nutritional, and sensory traits

  • Guillermo Padilla
  • María Elena Cartea
  • Pilar Soengas
  • Amando Ordás


Twenty one landraces of cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) and two of Tronchuda cabbage (B. oleracea var. tronchuda Bailey) from Galicia (north–western Spain) along with five commercial hybrids of cabbage and one commercial variety of Tronchuda cabbage were evaluated in this study in two planting dates, autumn/winter for an early harvest and spring/summer for a late harvest. Data were recorded on morphologic, agronomic, nutritional, and sensory traits. The objectives were to assess the characteristics of the Galician cabbage landraces and to compare their agronomic value with that of the commercial hybrids available in local markets, at two planting dates. Four cabbage landraces and the two Tronchuda cabbage landraces showed no head formation. At the autumn/winter season, commercial hybrids showed poor adaptation, with more plants lost after transplanting, less early vigor, and yield than the head forming landraces. However, for characters related to crop uniformity (head appearance, days to harvest, and synchrony of production), commercial hybrids did better than landraces. Regarding the sensory and nutritional values, in the autumn/winter season, accessions were tenderer, sweeter, had a better flavour, and showed higher levels of crude protein and less of crude fibre than in the spring/summer season. Landraces had higher calcium contents compared to commercial varieties. Local landraces MBG-BRS0425, MBG-BRS0452, MBG-BRS0536, and MBG-BRS0537 stood out for the most interesting traits in the autumn/winter season growing period and they could be included in breeding programs to obtain hybrids suitable to grow in this planting period.


Cabbage Agronomic characterization Landraces Nutritional characterization Planting dates 



Research supported by the National Plan for Research and Development (AGL2002-03057) and Excma. Diputación Provincial de Pontevedra. G. Padilla acknowledges a fellowship from the Cabildo Insular de La Palma.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillermo Padilla
    • 1
  • María Elena Cartea
    • 1
  • Pilar Soengas
    • 1
  • Amando Ordás
    • 1
  1. 1.Misión Biológica de GaliciaConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Apartado 28PontevedraSpain

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