Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation: A Hong Kong Study

  • Holning Lau
  • Rebecca L. Stotzer


Various parties have called on Hong Kong to pass legislation proscribing sexual orientation-based employment discrimination. The government has suggested that data on discrimination should inform debate on this matter. This survey of 792 self-identified sexual orientation minorities in Hong Kong examined (1) the prevalence of sexual orientation-based discrimination, (2) risk factors associated with experiencing discrimination, and (3) the relationship between experiencing employment discrimination and psychological outcomes. Nearly one-third of respondents reported discrimination. Rates of discrimination varied by age, education, and level of sexual orientation disclosure. Reports of discrimination were associated with negative psychological outcomes. This paper discusses how these results reinforce calls for legislative action. Limitations and directions for future research are also considered.

Key words

discrimination human rights sexuality equality Asia 



For their generous grant supporting this research, we thank the Williams Institute on Sexual Orientation Law & Public Policy at the UCLA School of Law. We also thank Brian Breedlove, Kelley Loper, Puja Kapai, Medeleine Mok, Roddy Shaw, Charles Strohm, and Jennifer Wilson for their support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North Carolina School of LawChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.University of Hawai`i at MānoaMyron B. Thompson School of Social WorkHonoluluUSA

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