This study aims at testing a few tenets of affective events theory (AET) from a predictive perspective in the context of Malaysian private higher education sector. Specifically, we examined the impact of workload and autonomy on academics’ job satisfaction through interpersonal conflict and affective states. Additionally, the impact of affective states on job satisfaction via job performance was considered. We gathered data from 325 academics and analyzed them through partial least squares methodology. Our findings corroborated AET tenets considerably. The importance of the joint consideration of workload and autonomy in positively contributing to job satisfaction was highlighted. In addition, positive affect was identified as a stronger predictor of job satisfaction (as an attitude) and job performance (as an affect-driven behavior), comparing with negative affect. Specifically, positive affect was the strongest construct in increasing academics’ job satisfaction in our theoretical model. The findings indicated policy relevance at both the macro and institutional levels and had managerial and practical implications for future research direction in human resource management in the private higher education sector.
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Our dataset to estimate the final model is accessible via https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/BYHHBR through HARVARD Dataverse.
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The authors would like to appreciate the director and the staff of Malaysian Higher Education Research Institute (IPPTN) for their continuous support. The first author is grateful to Zeynab Khodaei and Ilia Ghasemy for their support and understanding and dedicates the paper to his late mother, Zahra Soltan Zamani, for her unconditional care and love.
This research was supported by the Grant FRGS/1/2019/SS05/USM/02/5 from the Ministry of Education Malaysia to Majid Ghasemy.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The performed procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (USM/JEPeM/19090523) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. No consent was required since the participation was voluntary, information was anonymized, and the paper does not include images that may identify the person.
Items of the final model and their descriptive statistics
|AUTO1||Management let people make their own decisions much of the time||3.019||1.048|
|AUTO2||Management trust people to take work-related decisions without getting permission first||2.898||1.057|
|AUTO3||People at the top tightly control the work of those below them*||2.649||1.051|
|AUTO4||Management keep too tight a reign on the way things are done around here*||2.739||1.057|
|PP1||People are expected to do too much in a day||3.45||1.012|
|PP3||Management require people to work extremely hard||3.534||0.988|
|PP4||People here are under pressure to meet targets||3.444||1.06|
|PP5||The pace of work here is pretty relaxed*||3.407||1.089|
|IC2||How often do other people yell at you at work?||1.643||0.784|
|IC3||How often are people rude to you at work?||1.935||0.863|
|IC4||How often do other people do nasty things to you at work?||1.86||0.91|
|PA1||I feel enthusiastic at work in general||3.543||0.968|
|PA3||I feel determined at work in general||3.807||0.912|
|PA6||I feel alert at work in general||3.758||0.851|
|PA9||I feel proud at work in general||3.717||0.986|
|NA1||I feel scared at work in general||1.519||0.882|
|NA4||I feel distressed at work in general||1.991||1.102|
|NA7||I feel ashamed at work in general||1.339||0.764|
|NA8||I feel guilty at work in general||1.311||0.716|
|NA9||I feel irritable at work in general||1.665||1.006|
|PER6||When I want to reach a goal, I am usually able to succeed||3.988||0.7|
|PER7||I complete work in a timely and effective manner||4.065||0.682|
|PER8||I complete a large quantity of work||3.972||0.684|
|PER9||I perform high-quality work||4.028||0.711|
|SAT3||I feel good about working at this institution||3.783||0.854|
|SAT8||All my talents and skills are used at work||3.54||0.955|
|SAT9||I get along with my supervisors||3.898||0.708|
|SAT10||I feel good about my job||3.851||0.801|
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Ghasemy, M., Sirat, M., Rosa-Díaz, I.M. et al. Causes and consequences of academics’ emotions in private higher education institutions: implications for policy and practice through the lens of affective events theory. Educ Res Policy Prac (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10671-020-09288-0
- Affective events theory
- Malaysian private higher education
- Satisfaction-performance link
- Affective states