Decision-making instruments for container seaport sustainable development: management platform and system dynamics model

Abstract

Global seaborne container trade accounts for approximately 60% of all world seaborne trade. A container seaport is a key node in maritime transport, where (un)loading operations produce GHG emissions. Therefore, the effective emissions reduction decisions should be taken by the container seaport executives on operational, tactical and strategic levels. This research contributes in developing the decision-making instruments for emissions reduction at a container seaport, namely: (1) a management platform (based on three management levels); (2) a system dynamics model (with the variables that reflect the main sources of emissions from container seaport activities). A management platform consequently leads the executives through the process of emissions estimation and three-level decision-making to reduce the emissions. A system dynamics model serves as the instrument to evaluate the decisions taken and to analyze the container seaport system environmental performance over the defined period. The representation of a seaport as a system, the system dynamics modeling and the case study methods were used in the research. Four “what if” scenarios of emissions reduction decisions were performed using the case study method. The suggested management platform and the system dynamics model can serve as the decision-making instruments for the container seaport authorities on operational, tactical and strategic management levels when they develop the container seaport environmental programs.

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Abbreviations

CS:

Container seaport

CO2 :

Carbon dioxide

CO2E:

Carbon dioxide equivalent

GHG:

Greenhouse gas

MP:

Management platform

SD:

System dynamics

OGV:

Ocean going vessel

HC:

Harbor craft

CHE:

Cargo-handling equipment

HDV:

Heavy-duty vehicle

RL:

Railroad locomotive

CLD:

Causal loop diagram

TEU:

Twenty-foot equivalent unit

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Funding

This work is partially supported by the National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 20BGL003), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province for Youths, China (Grant No. 2017J05116). We deeply appreciate the organizations mentioned above.

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Correspondence to Yuliya Mamatok.

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

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Huang, Y., Mamatok, Y. & Jin, C. Decision-making instruments for container seaport sustainable development: management platform and system dynamics model. Environ Syst Decis (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-020-09796-7

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Keywords

  • Management platform
  • System dynamics model
  • Container seaport
  • Sustainable development
  • Decision-making instruments