The Environmentalist

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 123–127 | Cite as

Assessment of Gmelina arborea sawdust–cement-bonded rainwater storage tank

  • Olanike O. Aladenola
  • Ayodele E. Ajayi
  • Ayorinde A. Olufayo
  • Babatunde Ajayi


The performance of a mixture of a forest bye product and cement for the production of storage structure for harvested rainwater was assessed. Three mix ratios of Cement: Gmelina arborea sawdust 3.0:1.0 (specimen A), 2.5:1.0 (specimen B) and 2.0:1.0 (specimen C) were considered. Engineering properties and dimensional stability of the different mix-ratios were monitored from prototypes cylindrical pots and test billet specimens. Possible change in quality of stored rainwater, with time was monitored in all the three cases. Water quality parameters monitored include pH, hardness, total suspended solids, alkalinity, acidity and total dissolved CO2. The tensile stress obtained were 110, 104, and 95 N/mm2, while the compressive strength were 5,000, 3,000, and 2,000 kN for specimens A, B and C respectively. Accelerated aging test showed that sample A were more resistant to deformation, while specimen C were more susceptible to change in structure over time. Similarly, the values of tensile and compressive strength after accelerated aging test increased in the order of specimen A > B > C. Except in specimen C where significant differences in alkalinity and acidity were observed, there were no significant differences in quality of the water stored in the pots after 2 months of storage. The results indicate the suitability of the Gmelina arborea waste as an alternative in constructing water storage structures in rural communities.


Additive Assessment Billet Curing Gmelina arborea  Mix ratio Prototype Stability and water quality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olanike O. Aladenola
    • 1
  • Ayodele E. Ajayi
    • 1
  • Ayorinde A. Olufayo
    • 1
  • Babatunde Ajayi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural EngineeringFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Forestry and Wood TechnologyFederal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria

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