, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 247–254 | Cite as

Adolescents’ attitudes towards nature and environment: Quantifying the 2-MEV model

  • Franz X. Bogner
  • Michael Wiseman


This study identifies clearly the need for refinement of instrumentation in this area of environmental studies. A questionnaire battery designed to measure the factors Utilization (U) and Preservation (P) in the field of adolescent environmental perception was administered to 467 German secondary school pupils. Maximum likelihood factor analysis yielded the two hypothesized orthogonal factors U and P; we labelled this scale the 2-MEV model, i.e. the 2 factor Model of Environmental Values (sets of related attitudes). These analyses provide a basis for the construction of a questionnaire specifically designed to measure U and P. Confirmation of this factor structure was examined by comparing the factors extracted from two independent pseudorandom subsamples selected from the original sample.


Environmental perception Higher order factors Attitudes Likert-scale Adolescents Secondary school Evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Math & Science Education (ZMNU), Institute of Biology DidacticsUniversity of BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz Computing CentreBavarian Academy of SciencesMunichGermany

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