Climate change poses several challenges worldwide, including the increase in severity and frequency of extreme weather events, such as droughts. As a result, there are projected environmental, economic and social impacts in several sectors, including agriculture. However, the extent of climatic impacts depends on farmers’ awareness and their capacity for adaptation in response to changes in the climate. This study analyzes the factors that influence farmers’ perception of climate change. Data were collected from a farm-household survey in the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Using a logistic regression model, we identified that farm size, support of extension workers, number of conservation practices adopted, and ecocentrism value influenced positively the perception. Moreover, we found that farm size relied on government actions, subsidies, and anthropocentric value was affected negatively. These findings showed that socioeconomic and psychological factors shape farmers’ perception of climate change. Extension workers and policymakers should increase farmers' awareness on climate change improving the communication on the nature importance for the ecosystem as a whole (ecocentrism) and/or explaining the importance of nature for human welfare (anthropocentrism).
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Appendix 1: Questionnaire
Appendix 2: Correlation matrix of explanatory variables
|Variables||Age||Farm size||Extension work||Number of CA||Rely on government||Subsides||Family size||Ecocentrism||Anthropocentrism||Environmental apathy|
|Farm size||− .048||1|
|Extension work||.170*||− .012||1|
|Number of CA||.020||− .090||− .046||1|
|Rely in government||− .179*||.143||− .120||.010||1|
|Subsides||− .045||− .059||.020||− .164*||.246**||1|
|Family size||− .179*||.045||.102||− .039||.018||.074||1|
|Ecocentrism||.146||− .066||.125||− .053||.012||− .047||.023||1|
|Anthropocentrism||.028||.073||.008||− .020||− .087||− .142||− .041||.440**||1|
|Environmental apathy||.094||− .003||.030||.033||− .068||− .148||− .101||− .067||.284**||1|
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Foguesatto, C.R., Machado, J.A.D. What shapes farmers’ perception of climate change? A case study of southern Brazil. Environ Dev Sustain 23, 1525–1538 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-00634-z
- Extreme weather events