Climate change knowledge at the grass roots: the case of Bequia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Abstract

This study examines perception of households to climate change and factors that influence the selection of adaptation measures. Using survey data, the results suggest that households are knowledgeable and concerned about climate change but lack knowledge about the measures needed to adapt. The results also suggest that the risk and importance placed on climate change, vulnerability experienced with household flooding, drainage and expected threat of future sea level are the main factors that influence the adaptation decision. The results obtained in this study are beneficial to all as adaptation requires a collective effort by stakeholders.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Source: Environment Assessment Team (2011)

Fig. 3

Source: Author

Notes

  1. 1.

    See “Appendix 1” for questionnaire.

  2. 2.

    The tests for normality and homoskedasticity are shown in “Appendix 2”.

  3. 3.

    Adapted from Leod (2007).

  4. 4.

    Adapted from Pantin et al. (2004).

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Correspondence to Sherry-Ann S. Ganase.

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Appendices

Appendix 1: Questionnaire

figurea
figureb
figurec
figured

Appendix 2: Test for normality and homoskedasticity

figuree
figuref
figureg

Test for Homoskedasticity

Cameron and Trivedi’s decomposition of IM test

Source χ2 df p
Heteroskedasticity 8.35 5 0.0613
Skewness 7.78 3 0.0507
Kurtosis 0.27 1 0.6067

Breusch-Pagan/Cook-Weisberg test for heteroskedasticity

Ho: Constant variance

Variables: fitted values of adapt

χ2(1) = 5.93

Prob > χ2 = 0.0516

Test for Model Specification

Ramsey RESET test using powers of the fitted values of measure

Ho: model has no omitted variables

F(3, 868) = 3.02

Prob > F = 0.0451

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Ganase, SA.S., Sookram, S. Climate change knowledge at the grass roots: the case of Bequia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Environ Dev Sustain 23, 1105–1132 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-00620-5

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Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Bequia
  • Multiple linear regression
  • Perception