Advertisement

Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 141–158 | Cite as

Application of the Eco-Industrial concept to community environmantal management

  • Wisakha Phoochinda
Article
  • 415 Downloads

Abstract

This study is aimed at studying the feasibility of applying the Eco-Industrial concept to community environmental management and then investigating factors and appropriate means. In-depth interviewing of scholars and authorities and surveying of five sample communities representing the four different regions in Thailand is carried out to search for the feasibility of applying the concept. The results show that it is feasible, especially in rural areas, where dependence on the local resources and the community members in doing activities in the communities in accordance with the ecological context still exists. Factors and conditions involved in applying the concept include analysis of resources, participation of the people, community leaders, formulation of community development plans, good communication, sharing of knowledge, and provision of appropriate support to create network of communities. The appropriate means of applying the concept to community environmental management entails promoting involvement in the part of the local people and sustainability in the cooperation, with appropriate channels of communication and under the guidance of the leaders, who are the community’s central figures with the determination and ability to motivate and navigate the people in the community. Importantly, there must be analysis on the economic, social, environmental, and health benefits resulting from such application.

Keywords

Community Environmental management Eco-Industrial concept 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The researcher would like to thank all the community developers, social developers, experts on social and environmental development, and community leaders involved in the exchange of ideas on the cooperation within a community based on the Eco-Industrial concept, and the village headman of Baan Nawiang community, Baan Jumrung community, Ban Phuthaipattana community, Kaokram community, and Ban Koh Pitak community as well as the representatives of all the groups in the community for all the data and ideas, which are useful in the development of guidelines for other communities in the application of the Eco-Industrial concept in the cooperation within a community for environmental management in the future.

References

  1. Arifwidodo, S. D., & Chandrasiri, O. (2013). The relationship between housing tenure, sense of place and environmental management practices: A case study of two private land rental communities in Bangkok, Thailand. Sustainable Cities and Society, 8, 16–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Avishek, K., Yu, X., & Liu, J. (2012). Ecosystem management in Asia Pacific: Bridging science-policy gap. Environmental Development, 3, 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burstrom, F., & Korhonen, J. (2001). Municipalities and Industrial ecology reconsidering municipal environmental management. Sustainable Develoment, 9, 36–46.Google Scholar
  4. Gibbs, D., & Deutz, P. (2005). Implementing industrial ecology? Planning for eco-industrial parks in the USA. Geoforum, 36(4), 452–464.Google Scholar
  5. Ha, S.-K. (2010). Housing, social capital and community development in Seoul. Cities, 27(June), S35–S42.Google Scholar
  6. International Association for Public Participation. n.d. Code of ethics for public participation practitioners. Retrieved June 7, 2012. from http://iap2.affiniscape.com/associations/4748/files/CodeofEthics.pdf.
  7. Phoochinda, W. (2007). Compatibility between the eco-industrial concept and the sufficiency economy philosophy. Journal of Environmental Research and Development, 3(1), 1–14.Google Scholar
  8. Pollution Control Department. Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment. (2011). Thailand state of pollution report 2011. Retrieved from December 24, 2012. From http://www.pcd.go.th.
  9. Roseland, M. (1997). Dimensions of the eco-city. Cities, 14(4), 197–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. The Chaipattana Foundation. n.d. Sufficiency economy philosophy. Retrieved 20 May, 2013 from http://www.chaipat.or.th/chaipat_english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4103&Itemid=293.
  11. The Office of the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Energy. n.d. Local energy planning. Bangkok: The office of the permanent secretary of the ministry of energy. p 2.Google Scholar
  12. Thongthieng, T. (2003). Learning to develop a work plans and network with a view to fostering security in the community. Bangkok: Best Graphic Press.Google Scholar
  13. Wang, R., Zhou, T., Hu, D., Li, F., & Liu, J. (2011). Cultivating ecosustainability: Social-economic-natural complex ecosystem case studies in China. Ecological Complexity, 8, 273–283.Google Scholar
  14. Urban Ecology (1996). ‘Mission statement and accomplishments’ World Wide Web site.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Social and Environmental DevelopmentNational Institute of Development AdministrationBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations