Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 1065–1080 | Cite as

Introduction of a recycling system for sustainable municipal solid waste management: a case study on the greater Banjul area of the Gambia

  • E. S. Sanneh
  • Allen H. Hu
  • Y. M. Chang
  • Edrisa Sanyang


This research proposes for the introduction of a recycling system in the Gambia to enhance sustainable municipal solid waste management. Poor infrastructures, coupled with inadequate resources and lack of funding, work against the optimization of a MSW disposal service. In the authors’ view, authorities in charge of waste management need to change not only behaviors, but modernize their processes. Recycling technology is a key part of the solution. A model has been developed which suggest the involvement of stakeholders to achieve meaningful sustainable MSWM. This can be achieved by recognizing the role of the informal sector through community-based organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and the private sector. The open dump approach is leading to severe environmental consequences as the groundwater and soil within the dump is been contaminated. In this study, an integrated municipal solid waste management approach was developed with a model to help achieve sustainable municipal solid waste management. Resource recovery, not waste disposal, must be the ultimate goal with clearly defined end user markets so that the recovery loop is complete. Mandatory sorting of waste at household level would help greatly in making recycling activity successful.


Impacts Municipal Stakeholders Resource recovery 



The author would like to thank the National Environmental Agency of the Gambia for their collaboration. Most specially would also like to thank the government of the Gambia for giving him the opportunity to pursue his studies.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Sanneh
    • 1
  • Allen H. Hu
    • 2
  • Y. M. Chang
    • 2
  • Edrisa Sanyang
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Engineering TechnologyNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental Engineering and ManagementNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.EC-Child Fund Water & Sanitation ProjectBanjulThe Gambia

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