Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 939–951 | Cite as

Sustainable design of sprocket using CAD and Design Optimisation

  • S. Vinodh


The contemporary manufacturing organisations recognise sustainability as a vital concept for survival in the competitive scenario. The modern design engineers are in need of approaches for creating environmentally friendlier products. In this context, this project reports a case study carried out in an Indian sprocket manufacturing organisation. The existing sprocket has been created using Computer Aided Design (CAD). Then, the sustainability analysis has been performed for determining the environmental impact. This is followed by the optimisation of sprocket design using Design Optimisation. The environmental impact has been measured in terms of carbon footprint, energy consumption and air/water impacts. It has been found that the optimised sprocket design possess minimal environmental impact. The results of the case study indicated that CAD and Design Optimisation could lead to the development of sustainable design with minimal impact to the environment.


Computer aided design Design Optimisation Sustainable product Product design and manufacture Design for environment 



The author is grateful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, India for funding towards the implementation of project titled “Development of a model for ensuring sustainable product design in automotive organizations” (Ref No.SR/S3/MERC-0102/2009). This research study forms a part of this major research project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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