Advertisement

Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 939–951 | Cite as

Sustainable design of sprocket using CAD and Design Optimisation

  • S. Vinodh
Article

Abstract

The contemporary manufacturing organisations recognise sustainability as a vital concept for survival in the competitive scenario. The modern design engineers are in need of approaches for creating environmentally friendlier products. In this context, this project reports a case study carried out in an Indian sprocket manufacturing organisation. The existing sprocket has been created using Computer Aided Design (CAD). Then, the sustainability analysis has been performed for determining the environmental impact. This is followed by the optimisation of sprocket design using Design Optimisation. The environmental impact has been measured in terms of carbon footprint, energy consumption and air/water impacts. It has been found that the optimised sprocket design possess minimal environmental impact. The results of the case study indicated that CAD and Design Optimisation could lead to the development of sustainable design with minimal impact to the environment.

Keywords

Computer aided design Design Optimisation Sustainable product Product design and manufacture Design for environment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is grateful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi, India for funding towards the implementation of project titled “Development of a model for ensuring sustainable product design in automotive organizations” (Ref No.SR/S3/MERC-0102/2009). This research study forms a part of this major research project.

References

  1. Benedetto, L. D., & Klemes, J. (2009). The environmental performance strategy map: An integrated LCA approach to support the strategic decision-making process. Journal of Cleaner Production, 17(10), 900–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bevilacqua, M., Ciarapica, F. E., & Giacchetta, G. (2007). Development of a sustainable product lifecycle in manufacturing firms: A case study. International Journal of Production Research, 45(18–19):4073–4098.Google Scholar
  3. Bovea, M. D., & Wang, B. (2007). Redesign methodology for developing environmentally conscious products. International Journal on Production Research, 45(18–19), 4057–4072.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bras, B. (1997). Incorporating environmental issues in product design and realisation. Industry and Environment, 20(1–2), 1–19.Google Scholar
  5. Burke, S., & Gaughran, W. F. (2007). Developing a framework for sustainability management in engineering SMEs. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 23, 696–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, K., & Wang, J. (2008). The data mining technology based on CIMS and its application on automotive remanufacturing. Workshop on knowledge discovery and data mining.Google Scholar
  7. Choi, A. C. K., Kaebernick, H., & Lai, W. H. (1997). Manufacturing processes modelling for environmental impact assessment. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 70, 231–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gehin, A., Zwolinski, P., & Brissaud, D. (2008). A tool to implement sustainable end-of-life strategies in the product development phase. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(5), 566–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. George, C. (1999). Testing for sustainable development through environmental assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 19(2), 175–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gungor, A., & Gupta, S. M. (1999). Issues in environmentally conscious manufacturing and product recovery: A survey. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 36, 811–853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ijomah, W. L. (2007). Development of robust design-for-remanufacturing guidelines to further the aims of sustainable development. International Journal of Production Research, 45(18–19):4513–4536.Google Scholar
  12. Irina, G., & Pykh, M. (2002). Integrated assessment models and response function models: Pros and cons for sustainable development indices design. Ecological Indicators, 2(1–2), 93–108.Google Scholar
  13. Kaebernick, H., Kara, S., & Sun, M. (2003). Sustainable product development and Manufacturing by considering environmental requirements. Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 19, 461–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kumazawa, T., & Kobayashi, H. (2003). Feasibility study on sustainable manufacturing system. In: Proceedings of Ecodesign 2003: Third international symposium on environmentally conscious design and inverse manufacturing Tokyo, Japan 2003.Google Scholar
  15. Ljungberg, L. Y. (2007). Materials selection and design for development of sustainable products. Materials and Design, 28, 466–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Madu, C. N., Kuei, C., & Madu, I. E. (2002). A hierarchic metric approach for integration of green issues in manufacturing: A paper recycling application. Journal of environmental management, 64(3), 261–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Masui, K., Sakao, T., Kobayashi, M., & Inaba, A. (2003). Applying quality function deployment to environmentally conscious design. International Journal of Quality and Reliability Management, 20(1), 90–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Maxwell, D., & Vorst, V. R. (2003). Developing sustainable products and services. Journal of Cleaner Production, 11(8), 883–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nilsen, P., Timpka, T., Nordenfelt, L., & Lindqvist, K. (2005). Towards improved understanding of injury prevention program sustainability. Sweden: Department of Health and Society, Division of Social Medicine and Public Health Science, Linköping University.Google Scholar
  20. Park, J., & Seo, K. (2003). Approximate life cycle assessment of product concept using multiple regression analysis and artificial neural networks. KSME International Journal, 17(12), 1969–1976.Google Scholar
  21. Petrini, M., & Pozzebon, M. (2009). Managing sustainability with the support of business intelligence: Integrating socio-environmental indicators and organisational context. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 18(4), 178–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rusinko, C. A. (2007). Green manufacturing: An evaluation of environmentally sustainable manufacturing practices and their impact on competitive outcomes. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 54(3), 445–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sakao, T. (2009). Quality engineering for early stage of environmentally conscious design. The TQM Journal, 21(2), 182–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sauer, J., Wiese, B. S., & Ruttinger, B. (2004). Ecological performance of electrical consumer products: The influence of automation and information-based measures. Applied Ergonomics, 35, 37–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sun, M., Rydh, C. J., & Kaebernick, H. (2003). Material grouping for simplified product life cycle assessment. The Journal of Sustainable Product Design, 3(1–2), 45–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tseng, H., Chang, C., & Li, J. (2008). Modular design to support green life-cycle engineering. Expert Systems with Applications, 34, 2524–2537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yan, W., Chen, C., & Chang, W. (2009). An investigation into sustainable product conceptualisation using a design knowledge hierarchy and Hopfield network. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 56, 617–1626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

Personalised recommendations