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Environmental Modeling & Assessment

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 405–410 | Cite as

The Avoidance Responses of Daphnia magna to the Exposure of Organophosphorus Pesticides in an On-Line Biomonitoring System

  • Zong-Ming Ren
  • Zhi-Liang Li
  • Jin-Miao Zha
  • Kai-feng Rao
  • Mei Ma
  • Zijian Wang
  • Rong-Shu Fu
Article

Abstract

In this study, avoidance behavior of the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna Straus was used as indicator to assess the early stress of accidental organophosphorus pesticide (OP) contamination. The movement behavior was detected by a multi-species biomonitoring system. There was obvious concentration–response relationship between the OP stress and the behavioral response even at sublethal exposure. A rising OP stress resulted in a significant decrease of response time to escape (RTE; p<0.05). In comparison of different OPs, it was found that there was a power regression between RTE and the toxic unit of OPs. Therefore, the avoidance behavior of D. magna was a sensitive indicator of sublethal OP stress, and the power relationship could be used to predict the early warning thresholds of more OPs in the on-line biomonitoring system.

Keywords

Avoidance behavior Daphnia magna Organophosphorus pesticide (OP) Response time to escape (RTE) Toxic unit (TU) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (20621703, 20337020) and Natural Science Foundation of Beijing Municipality (8061004).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zong-Ming Ren
    • 1
  • Zhi-Liang Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jin-Miao Zha
    • 1
  • Kai-feng Rao
    • 1
  • Mei Ma
    • 1
  • Zijian Wang
    • 1
  • Rong-Shu Fu
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental ScienceChinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Life ScienceShandong Normal UniversityJinanChina

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