Simulation of parabolic flow on an eye-shaped domain with moving boundary

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Abstract

During the upstroke of a normal eye blink, the upper lid moves and paints a thin tear film over the exposed corneal and conjunctival surfaces. This thin tear film may be modeled by a nonlinear fourth-order PDE derived from lubrication theory. A challenge in the numerical simulation of this model is to include both the geometry of the eye and the movement of the eyelid. A pair of orthogonal and conformal maps transform a square into an approximate representation of the exposed ocular surface of a human eye. A spectral collocation method on the square produces relatively efficient solutions on the eye-shaped domain via these maps. The method is demonstrated on linear and nonlinear second-order diffusion equations and shown to have excellent accuracy as measured pointwise or by conservation checks. Future work will use the method for thin-film equations on the same type of domain.

Keywords

Blinking Conformal mapping Spectral method 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by NSF Grant DMS-1412085. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematical SciencesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.ArotechAnn ArborUSA

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