Journal of Engineering Mathematics

, Volume 60, Issue 3–4, pp 265–291

# A regulator for continuous sedimentation in ideal clarifier–thickener units

Article

## Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present a regulator for control of the continuous-sedimentation process in a clarifier–thickener unit when this is modelled in one space dimension and when the settling properties of the solids obey Kynch’s assumption. The model is a scalar hyperbolic conservation law with space-discontinuous flux function and point source. The most desired type of solution contains a large discontinuity. A common objective is to control the movement of this discontinuity subject to the requirement that the effluent of the process have zero concentration of particles. In addition, there may be a requirement that the underflow concentration of the thickened suspension lie above a predefined value. Based on previous results on the nonlinear behaviour of the process, a nonlinear regulator is presented. It controls the location of the large discontinuity indirectly by controlling the total mass. The process is stabilized significantly and large input oscillations can be handled.

## Keywords

Clarifier–thickener Continuous sedimentation Control Dynamic behaviour Nonlinear regulator

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