Advertisement

Empirica

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 367–393 | Cite as

Intergenerational occupational dynamics before and during the recent crisis in Spain

  • Antonio Caparrós Ruiz
Original Paper
  • 152 Downloads

Abstract

The relationship between the socio-economic status of parents and children is referred to by the literature as intergenerational social mobility. Low mobility implies that human capital, skills and talent can be misallocated. As a consequence, the workers’ efforts, their motivation and productivity could be negatively affected, causing adverse effects on economy growth and competitiveness. This paper attempts to study the evolution of intergenerational social mobility before and during the recent economic crisis in Spain. The methodology applied consists in analysing the movements along the occupational scale of children with respect to their parents. This involves associating the National Classification of Occupations with the New International Socio-economic Index of Occupational Status. Statistic and econometric methods are used to assess these occupational transitions and to analyse the covariates’ effects on them. Data used corresponds to the 2005 and 2011 Living Condition Survey (INE 2005, 2011).

Keywords

Social mobility Occupation Birth cohort 

JEL Classification

C10 J62 

References

  1. Aaronson D, Mazumder B (2008) Intergenerational economic mobility in the United States, 1940 to 2000. J Hum Resour 43(1):139–172Google Scholar
  2. Altham P (1970) The measurement of association of rows and columns for an r × s contingency table. J R Stat Soc B 32(1):63–73Google Scholar
  3. Altham P, Ferrie J (2007) Comparing contingency tables tools for analyzing data from two groups cross-classified by two characteristics. Hist Methods J Quant Interdiscip Hist 40(1):3–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Altonji J, Williams N (1992) The effects of labor market experience, job seniority, and job mobility on wage growth. NBER Working Paper no 4133, National Bureau of Economic ResearchGoogle Scholar
  5. Andersen L (2001) Social mobility in Latin America: links with adolescent schooling. IADB Research Network Working Paper no R-433, Inter-American Development BankGoogle Scholar
  6. Azam M (2013) Intergenerational occupational mobility in India. IZA Discussion Paper no 7608, Institute for the Study of LaborGoogle Scholar
  7. Becker G (1964) Human capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Black S, Devereux P (2010) Recent development in intergenerational mobility. NBER Working Paper no 15889, National Bureau of Economic ResearchGoogle Scholar
  9. Caparrós A (2016) The impact of education on intergenerational occupational mobility. J Vocat Behav 92(February):94–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cervini-Plá M (2015) Intergenerational earnings and income mobility in Spain. Rev Income Wealth 61(4):812–828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Checchi D (1997) Education and intergenerational mobility in occupations: a comparative study. Am J Econ Soc 56(3):331–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Doeringer P, Piore M (1971) Internal labour markets and manpower analysis. D. C. Heath, LexingtonGoogle Scholar
  13. Ganzeboom H, Treiman D (2013) International stratification and mobility file: conversion tools. Department of Social Research Methodology, Amsterdam. http://home.fsw.vu.nl/hbg.ganzeboom
  14. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (1980) Family Expenditure SurveyGoogle Scholar
  15. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (1990) Family Expenditure SurveyGoogle Scholar
  16. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (1994–2001) EU Households Panel Data for SpainGoogle Scholar
  17. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (2004–2015) Living Conditions SurveyGoogle Scholar
  18. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (2005) Living Conditions SurveyGoogle Scholar
  19. INE (Instituto Nacional de Estadística) (2011) Living Conditions SurveyGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee C, Solon G (2009) Trends in intergenerational income mobility. Rev Econ Stat 91(4):766–772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Long J, Ferrie J (2013) Intergenerational occupational mobility in Great Britain and the United States since 1850. Am Econ Rev 103(4):1109–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. MEYSS (Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social) (2005–2011) Autorizaciones de Trabajo a ExtranjerosGoogle Scholar
  23. Minicozzi A (2003) Estimation of sons’ intergenerational earnings mobility in the presence of censoring. J Appl Econom 18(3):291–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Modalsli J (2015) Estimating occupational mobility with covariates. Discussion Paper no 804, Statistics Norway, Research DepartmentGoogle Scholar
  25. Mortensen D, Pissarides C (1999) New developments in models of search in the labor market. In: Ashenfelter Orley, Cars David (eds) Handbook of labor economics, vol 3. Elsevier, Amsterdan, pp 2567–2637Google Scholar
  26. Sacerdote B (2007) The nature and nurture of economic outcomes. Am Econ Rev 92(2):344–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sánchez-Hugalde A (2004) Movilidad intergeneracional de ingresos y educativa en España (1980–1990). Working Paper no 2004/1, Institut d’Economia de BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  28. Sicherman N, Galor O (1990) A theory of career mobility. J Polit Econ 98(1):169–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Solon G (2002) Cross-country differences in intergenerational earnings mobility. J Econ Perspect 16(3):59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wooldridge J (2010) Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. The MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Estadística y Econometría, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y EmpresarialesUniversity of MálagaMálagaSpain

Personalised recommendations