The study was aimed to use fuzzy multi-criteria decision making integrated with GIS to select the optimum location for municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill sites that comply with standard landfill guidelines and environmental and socio-economic criteria. Fuzzy logic and, in particular, fuzzy sets were applied to create the criteria layers in GIS and to weigh and integrate these layers in GIS. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was also used to determine the land suitability for landfill. The method was used as a case study to determine the location of landfills in the suburbs of Ahvaz, Iran. According to the results, transportation networks and residential and commercial areas were the most influential factors on the placement of landfills, with a final weight of 0.163 and 0.131, respectively. Areas near roads and transportation networks but far from the sensitive environmental zones were most suitable for landfill. Finally, 11 sites that met the defined requirements were selected as suitable locations for MSW landfill. This technique and its results can provide a proper guideline to help decision makers choose the optimal landfill site in the future. Depending on their importance in each region, the methodology can incorporate other factors and criteria.
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The authors thank Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz for their support of this scientific research.
The authors received financial support from the Research Council of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz (GN 1397).
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Chabok, M., Asakereh, A., Bahrami, H. et al. Selection of MSW landfill site by fuzzy-AHP approach combined with GIS: case study in Ahvaz, Iran. Environ Monit Assess 192, 433 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-08395-y
- Environmental criteria
- Fuzzy multi-criteria decisions making
- Municipal solid waste
- Spatial analysis