Existing research on phosphorus removal from wastewater mostly focused on inorganic phosphorus while ignoring organic phosphorus, which has potential bioavailability. This study aims to provide an innovation for the development of advanced treatment material for both inorganic and organic phosphorus removal in water. In this study, ferrihydrite loaded on the graphene oxide (FeOOH-GO) composite adsorbent was synthesized by surface precipitation method, and its ability to remove both phosphate and diazinon as forms of inorganic and organic phosphorous from water was investigated. Characterization of the loaded composite using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) indicated that FeOOH was successfully loaded onto graphene. The results of batch adsorption experiments showed that the adsorbent could remove both inorganic and organic phosphorus compounds simultaneously from water. When FeOOH content is 40%, the equilibrium adsorption amount of FeOOH-GO composite adsorbent for phosphate and diazinon was 5.81 and 23.20 mg g−1, respectively. Environmental parameters such as pH and initial concentration have important influence on phosphorus removal by FeOOH-GO composite adsorbent and the removal efficiency of the inorganic and organic phosphorus from water decreases by increasing the initial concentration of phosphate and diazinon and the pH. It was concluded that the FeOOH-GO composite adsorbent has great potential to remove both inorganic and organic phosphate simultaneously from contaminated water.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Deng, J.-H., Zhang, X.-R., Zeng, G.-M., Gong, J.-L., Niu, Q.-Y., & Liang, J. (2013). Simultaneous removal of Cd (II) and ionic dyes from aqueous solution using magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposite as an adsorbent. Chemical Engineering Journal, 226, 189–200.
Du, H., Chen, Z., Mao, G., Chen, L., Crittenden, J., Li, R. Y. M., et al. (2019). Evaluation of eutrophication in freshwater lakes: a new non-equilibrium statistical approach. Ecological Indicators, 102, 686–692.
Ferreira Filho, S. S. (2005). Water treatment: principles and design. Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental, 10(3), 184–184.
Fürstenau, C., Baerwolff, M., Vetter, A., & Schulz, D. (2016). Short rotation coppice-a new option to reduce phosphorus input into watercourses? WasserWirtschaft-Hydrologie, Wasserbau, Hydromechanik, Gewässer, Ökologie, Boden, 106(7/8), 41–46.
Guo, S., Zhang, G., Guo, Y., & Jimmy, C. Y. (2013). Graphene oxide–Fe2O3 hybrid material as highly efficient heterogeneous catalyst for degradation of organic contaminants. Carbon, 60, 437–444.
Ji, N., Wang, S., Zhang, L., & Ni, Z. (2017). Characteristics and effects of dissolved organic phosphorus from different sources on the water quality of Erhai Lake in Southwest China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(22), 18605–18618.
Kemp, K. C., Seema, H., Saleh, M., Le, N. H., Mahesh, K., Chandra, V., et al. (2013). Environmental applications using graphene composites: water remediation and gas adsorption. Nanoscale, 5(8), 3149–3171.
Lan, Y., Zhang, S., Wang, J., & Smith, R. (2006). Phosphorus removal using steel slag. Acta metallurgica sinica (English letters), 19(6), 449–454.
Langmuir, I. (1916). The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 38(11), 2221–2295.
Loh, K. P., Bao, Q., Ang, P. K., & Yang, J. (2010). The chemistry of graphene. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 20(12), 2277–2289.
Lü, C., Yan, D., He, J., Zhou, B., Li, L., & Zheng, Q. (2017). Environmental geochemistry significance of organic phosphorus: an insight from its adsorption on iron oxides. Applied Geochemistry, 84, 52–60.
Morrow, S. (2018). Phosphorus load control in the prevention of harmful algal blooms: the case of Lake Erie, located between the United States of America and Canada.
Mortula, M., Gibbons, M., & Gagnon, G. A. (2007). Phosphorus adsorption by naturally-occurring materials and industrial by-products. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 6(2), 157–164.
Qin, C., Liu, H., Liu, L., Smith, S., Sedlak, D. L., & Gu, A. Z. (2015). Bioavailability and characterization of dissolved organic nitrogen and dissolved organic phosphorus in wastewater effluents. Science of the Total Environment, 511, 47–53.
Reichelt, L., & Bertau, M. (2015). Transformation of nanostructured schwertmannite and 2-line-ferrihydrite into hematite. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, 641(10), 1696–1700.
Rittmann, B. E., Mayer, B., Westerhoff, P., & Edwards, M. (2011). Capturing the lost phosphorus. Chemosphere, 84(6), 846–853.
Ruzhitskaya, O., & Gogina, E (2017). Methods for removing of phosphates from wastewater. In MATEC Web of Conferences, (Vol. 106, pp. 07006): EDP Sciences.
Tran, D. N., Kabiri, S., & Losic, D. (2014). A green approach for the reduction of graphene oxide nanosheets using non-aromatic amino acids. Carbon, 76, 193–202.
Venu, C., Ramesh, S., Gandhimathi, R., & Nidheesh, P. (2016). Investigation on the working performance of partitionable-space enhanced coagulation reactor. Separation Science and Technology, 51(7), 1220–1226.
Viviano, G., Valsecchi, S., Polesello, S., Capodaglio, A., Tartari, G., & Salerno, F. (2017). Combined use of caffeine and turbidity to evaluate the impact of CSOs on river water quality. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 228(9), 330.
Wang, W., Cheng, Y., Kong, T., & Cheng, G. (2015a). Iron nanoparticles decoration onto three-dimensional graphene for rapid and efficient degradation of azo dye. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 299, 50–58.
Wang, X., Zhu, M., Lan, S., Ginder-Vogel, M., Liu, F., & Feng, X. (2015b). Formation and secondary mineralization of ferrihydrite in the presence of silicate and Mn (II). Chemical Geology, 415, 37–46.
Xiong, W., & Peng, J. (2008). Development and characterization of ferrihydrite-modified diatomite as a phosphorus adsorbent. Water Research, 42(19), 4869–4877.
Zhu, J., Wei, S., Gu, H., Rapole, S. B., Wang, Q., Luo, Z., Haldolaarachchige, N., Young, D. P., & Guo, Z. (2011). One-pot synthesis of magnetic graphene nanocomposites decorated with core@ double-shell nanoparticles for fast chromium removal. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(2), 977–985.
This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD0800600) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (41877461).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, X., Elgarhy, A.H., Hassan, M.E. et al. Removal of inorganic and organic phosphorus compounds from aqueous solution by ferrihydrite decoration onto graphene. Environ Monit Assess 192, 410 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-08325-y
- Wastewater treatment
- Inorganic phosphorus
- Organic phosphorus