Impact of artificial lagoons on seawater quality: evidence from 7 years of physicochemical seawater monitoring

  • Mohammed Rasheed
  • Riyad Manasrah
  • Khalid Al-Trabeen
  • L. Kellie Dixon


Seven years (2010–2016) of data on the basic physicochemical properties of seawater, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), nutrients, chlorophyll a (Chl a), and hydrocarbons from two lagoons were used to evaluate the impact of the anthropogenic activities inside the lagoon on the water quality and to explore the relationship of any impact from the lagoons’ design. Statistical analysis shows the modification in water quality inside the lagoon compared to the ambient seawater is particularly evident for nitrate, silicate, and Chl a. The modification is attributed to the extensive boat activities in the lagoons and the limited water exchange between the lagoons and ambient seawater. However, the impact to both lagoons is generally limited to inside the lagoons. The oligotrophic state of the two lagoons was evaluated and it was found that the most marked code violations were found in DIN inside both lagoons. In order to explore the design importance, the water exchange and overall water quality was compared between the two lagoons. This study highlights the importance of an environmental design study before the construction of any lagoon project. Proper design would maintain acceptable water quality inside the lagoons, critical for environmental health and supporting continued recreational activities.


Lagoon Seawater quality Monitoring Nutrients 



The authors would like to thank the University of Jordan and Marine Science Station in Aqaba for their help and support. This work was analyzed and written during a Sabbatical Fellow from the University of Jordan to Mohammed Rasheed to be spent at the Mote Marine Laboratory in Florida, USA. Fulbright scholarship was also awarded to Mohammed Rasheed during this period.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentThe University of JordanAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Mote Marine LaboratorySarasotaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Coastal EnvironmentThe University of Jordan-Aqaba BranchAqabaJordan
  4. 4.Marine Science StationThe University of Jordan and Yarmouk UniversityIrbidJordan

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