Advertisement

Evaluation of climate-induced waterlogging hazards in the south-west coast of Bangladesh using Geoinformatics

  • Syed M. Tareq
  • M. Tauhid Ur Rahman
  • A. Z. M. Zahedul Islam
  • A. B. M. Baddruzzaman
  • M. Ashraf Ali
Article
  • 113 Downloads

Abstract

Climate-induced waterlogging has been significantly affecting the lives and livelihood of people in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh for a couple of decades. The objective of this study is to investigate the waterlogging hazards of Tala, a south-western coastal Upazila of Bangladesh by analyzing satellite image. An empirical model based on velocity of flow, depth of flow, and inundation depth has been proposed to assess waterlogging hazard in pre monsoon, monsoon, and post monsoon period. Landsat TM images for the years 1989, 2000, and 2011 were analyzed by using Geoinformatics including GIS and remote sensing techniques to quantify the water hazard. Three dominant land use classes such as “water,” “vegetation,” and “bare lands and others” were selected to identify the land use land cover change. Both FGD (focus group discussions) and KII (key informant interviews) were also accomplished to assess the waterlogging hazard. It was revealed that 0.7% of the study area (246 ha) was under water in 1989, which increased alarmingly to 34% (11,525 ha) in 2011. There was an increase in 62.9% of water bodies during 1989 to 2000, which was further expanded to 77% during 2000 to 2011. Satellite image analysis between 2011 and 2015 also showed that nearly 89% of the waterlogged area including floodplain is inundated by tidal saline water that supports shrimp cultivation. On the contrary, 11% of the waterlogged area was occupied by trapped rain water. Confirmation of saline water and fresh water was done by measuring electrical conductivity and conducting “mouth taste” during field visit. The decreasing rate of “bare lands and others” category indicates that there is around 69.4% of reduction in this category to accommodate the increasing water covering areas. The hazard model shows that the middle part of the Tala along with the flood plain of the Kabodak River usually have to suffer waterlogged in both pre monsoon and post monsoon period. It was found that low flow in the upstream side, siltation in the Kabodak River, elevated riverbed, and recent increase in total annual rainfall have resulted in waterlogging problem. Combining inputs obtained from FGD, KII, and economic study of drainage, the TRM (tidal river management) followed by re-excavation of silted riverbed may provide a sustainable solution to solve the prolonged waterlogging situation.

Keywords

Land use land cover (LULC) Hazard Kabodak River Tidal river management (TRM) Beels 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author, SMT, would like to express his sincere gratitude to the Water Resources Lab, SPARRSO, for providing technical support while conducting this research. SMT also would like to acknowledge the technical and financial support received from the Climate Lab, HEQEP, for accomplishing this research. The second author MTR would like to acknowledge UGC and World Bank for providing research grant (CP-3143) to establish Advanced Climate Change Laboratory at MIST. The technical assistance provided by Research Officer, Ms. Jannatul Ferdous is duly acknowledged. The authors would like to extend gratitude to all the research assistants and laboratory staff for successfully assisting with the field visits. The authors would also like to thank anonymous reviewers for improving the manuscript.

References

  1. Adnan S. 2006. Wetlands vs. drylands: explaining the retreat from flood control in the Ganges Brahmaputro-Meghna delta of Bangladesh. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangla Praxis.Google Scholar
  2. Alam, M., Nishat, A., & Siddiqui, S. M. (1999). Water resources vulnerability to climate change with special reference to inundation. In Z. Karim, M. Asaduzzaman, F. Mahtab, & S. Huq (Eds.), Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change for Bangladesh (pp. 21–28). Netherlands: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-9325-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alam, M. S., & Uddin, K. (2013). A study of morphological changes in the coastal areas and offshore islands of Bangladesh using remote sensing. American Journal of Geographic Information System, 2(1), 15–18.  https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ajgis.20130201.03.Google Scholar
  4. Awal M.A. 2014. "Water logging in southwestern coastal of Bangladesh: local adaptation and options." Science Postprint 1 (1).  https://doi.org/10.14340/spp.2014.12A0001.
  5. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), B. 2014. “Community Report Zila: Satkhira.” In Population and housing census-2011, 35-36. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). http://www.bbs.gov.bd.
  6. Camelia, D., Buisson, M. C., & Mukherji, A. (2014). The imposition of participation? The case of participatory water management in coastal Bangladesh. The Water Alternatives, 7(2), 342–361 342-366.Google Scholar
  7. Cui, B., Tang, N., Zhao, X., & Bai, J. (2009). A management-oriented valuation method to determine ecological water requirement for wetlands in the Yellow River Delta of China. Journal for Nature Conservation, 17(3), 129–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mondal, M. S., Islam, A.K.M.S. and Madhu, M.K (2012). "Spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, rainfall, sunshine and humidity in context of crop agriculture". Research Report prepared by IWFM, BUET. p 1 to 207.Google Scholar
  9. Dapeng, H., Chuang, L., Huajun, F., & Shunfeng, P. (2008). Assessment of waterlogging risk in Lixiahe region of Jiangsu Province based on AVHRR and MODIS image. Chinese Geographical Science (SP Science Press), 18(2), 178–183.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-008-0178-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. DDM (Department of Disaster Management). 2014. "Water logging situation in south-west region Bangladesh". Survey, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief. http://www.lcgbangladesh.org/DERweb.
  11. Egglesman, R.,. 1982. “Peatland polders of North-west Germany.” In Polders of the world, Keynotes international symposium. Lelystad - The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  12. Fakir H.A. 2014. "Water logging of Tala upazila and environment damages. Survey, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Uttaran".Google Scholar
  13. FAO (2015). "Mapping exercise on water-logging in south west of Bangladesh", Draft For Consultation. http://www.fao.org/bangladesh.
  14. Ferdous J., Rahman MTU. 2017. "Evaluating different salinity indices for soil salinity mapping of coastal region of Bangladesh". IEEE R10HTC 2017, IEEE, BUET, Paper ID – 21288, 22nd to 23rd December.Google Scholar
  15. Hassan M. S., Mahmud-ul-islam S.,. 2014. "Detection of waterlogging areas based on passive remote sensing data in Jessore District of Khulna Division, Bangladesh." International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP) 4 (12). ISSN 2250-3153.Google Scholar
  16. IPCC. 2014a. "Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change." In Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report., edited by R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer Core Writing Team, 151. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC. http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/syr/.
  17. IPCC. 2014b. “Summary for policymakers.” In Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: Global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea, and L.L. White Field, 1-32. United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  18. Islam, A. R. M. T. (2016). Assessment of fluvial channel dynamics of Padma River in Northwestern Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Geoscience, 4(2), 41–49.  https://doi.org/10.13189/ujg.2016.040204.Google Scholar
  19. IWM. 2012. "Feasibility study for drainage improvement of Polder 1,2,6-8 and 6-8(Ext) by mathematical modeling under the Satkhira District". Dhaka, Bangladesh.: Institute of Water Modeling (IWM).Google Scholar
  20. IWM. 2007. "Monitoring the effects of Beel Khuksia TRM Basin and dredging of Hari River for drainage improvement of Bhabodaho Area". Dhaka, Bangladesh: Institute of Water Modeling (IWM).Google Scholar
  21. Kawser M.A. and Samad M.A. 2016. "Political history of Farakka Barrage and its effects on environment in Bangladesh." Bandung J of Global South (Springer International Publishing) 3 (16).  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40728-015-0027-5.
  22. Khadim, F. K., Kar, K. K., Halder, P. K., Rahman, M. A., & Morshed, A. K. M. M. (2013). Integrated water resources management (IWRM) impacts in south west coastal zone of Bangladesh and fact-finding on tidal river management (TRM). Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 5(10), 953–961.  https://doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2013.510098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Khan, M. M. H., Bryceson, I., Kolivras, K. N., et al. (2015). Natural disasters and land-use/land-cover change in the southwest coastal areas of Bangladesh. Reg Environ Change (Springer Berlin Heidelberg), 15(2), 241–250.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0642-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kibria, Z. (2011). Tidal river management (TRM): "Climate change adaptation and community based river basin management in southwest coastal region of Bangladesh". Dhaka, Bangladesh: Uttaran.Google Scholar
  25. Leendert de Die. 2013. "Tidal river management: temporary depoldering to mitigate drainage congestion in the southwest delta of Bangladesh". Master’s thesis, The Net.herlands: Wageningen University. http://edepot.wur.nl/258920.
  26. Masud, M. M., Moni, N. N., & Azad, A. K. (2014). Impacts of water logging on biodiversity—study on south-western region of Bangladesh. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 8(9), 20–27.  https://doi.org/10.9790/2402-08912027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McFarlane, D., Williamson, R., & David. (2002). An overview of waterlogging and salinity in southwestern Australia as related to the “Ucarro” experimental catchment. Agricultural Water Management, 53, 5–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(01)00153-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mondal, M. S., Jalal, M. R., Khan, M. S. A., Kumar, U., Rahman, R., & Huq, H. (2013). Hydro-meteorological trends in southwest coastal Bangladesh: perspectives of climate change and human interventions. American Journal of Climate Change, 2(1), 62–70.  https://doi.org/10.4236/ajcc.2013.21007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Moniruzzaman M. 2011. "Impact of climate change in Bangladesh: water logging at south-west coast." In Climate Change and the Sustainable Use of Water Resources., edited by W. Leal Filho, 317-336. Climate change management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22266-5_21.
  30. Oxfam 2011. Disaster and Emergency Response (DER). August 12. Accessed 02 04, 2018. http://www.lcgbangladesh.org/DERweb/monsoon_2011.php.
  31. Pandey, A. C., Singh, S. K., & Nathawat, M. S. (2010). Waterlogging and flood hazards vulnerability and risk assessment in Indo Gangetic plain. Natural Hazards (Springer Netherlands), 55(2), 273–289.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-010-9525-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Paul, A., Nath, B., & Abbas, M. R. (2013). Tidal River Management (TRM) and its implication in disaster management: a geospatial study on Hari-Teka river basin, Jessore, Bangladesh. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, 4(1), 125–135 http://ipublishing.co.in/jggsvol4no12013.html.Google Scholar
  33. Rahman, M. T. U., et al. (2017a). Assessment of fresh water security in coastal Bangladesh: an insight from salinity, community perception and adaptation. Ocean and Coastal Management, 137, 68–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rahman M.T.U., Tabassum F., Rasheduzzaman M., Saba H., Sarkar L., Ferdous J., Uddin S.Z., Islam A.Z.M. 2017b. "Temporal dynamics of land use/land cover change and its prediction using CA-ANN model for southwestern coastal Bangladesh." Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (Springer International Publishing). 189 - 565.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6272-0.
  35. Rahman, M. T. U., Siddiqi, U. R., Mano, A., Kure, S., Udo, K., & Ishibashi, Y. (2016). Mobilization of high arsenic in the shallow groundwater of Kalaroa, south-western Bangladesh. Exposure and Health, 8, 159–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rahman, M. T. U., Mano, A., Kure, S., Udo, K., & Ishibashi, Y. (2011). Exploring sustainability of aquifers based on predictive modeling of sorption characteristics of arsenic enriched Holocene sediments in Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Geochemistry, 26(4), 636–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sahu S. A. 2014. "A study on Moyna Basin water-logged areas (India) using remote sensing and GIS methods and their contemporary economic significance." Geography Journal. 1-10.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/401324.
  38. Sarker S.S.B.B. 2012. Why water logging in southwestern region of Bangladesh? Accessed May 20, 2015. http://www.pg-du.com/Why-Waterlogging-in-southwestern-region-of-Bangladesh.
  39. Sea Level Rise. 2015. Laboratory for satellite altimetry. Accessed 02 04, 2018. https://www.star.nesdis.noaa.gov/sod/lsa/SeaLevelRise/.
  40. Tanzeema, S., & Faisal, I. M. (2001). Sharing the Ganges: a critical analysis of the water sharing treaties. Water Policy, 3(1), 13–28.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1366-7017(01)00004-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tareq S.M. 2016. Environmental management of water logging hazard in south-west coastal region of Bangladesh. M.Sc. Thesis, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.Google Scholar
  42. Tareq, S. M., Rahman, M. T. U., Uddin, S. Z., & Uddin, A. F. M. J. (2016). Waterlogging threaten biodiversity along the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Business, Social and Scientific Research, 4(3), 203–210 http://www.ijbssr.com/currentissueview/14013151.Google Scholar
  43. Turner B.L.II., Lambin E.F., and Reenberg A. 2007. "The emergence of land change science for global environmental change and sustainability." Edited by William C. Clark, Harvard University, Cambridge MA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104 (52).  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0704119104.
  44. Ullah W.M., Rahman R.,. 2002. "Tidal river management: a sustainable solution to drainage congestion in the coastal region in BAPA (ed)." Bangladesh Environment 1022-1032.Google Scholar
  45. Willcocks, S. W. (1930). Lacunars on the ancient system of irrigation in Bengal and its application to modern hazards. West Bengal, India.: University of Calcutta.Google Scholar
  46. Wubie M.A., Assen M., Nicolau M.D. 2016. "Patterns, causes and consequences of land use/cover dynamics in the Gumara watershed of lake Tana basin, Northwestern Ethiopia." Environmental Systems Research 5 (8).  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40068-016-0058-1.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed M. Tareq
    • 1
  • M. Tauhid Ur Rahman
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Z. M. Zahedul Islam
    • 3
  • A. B. M. Baddruzzaman
    • 4
  • M. Ashraf Ali
    • 4
  1. 1.Climate Change Lab, Department of Civil EngineeringMilitary Institute of Science and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  3. 3.Water Resources Engineering LaboratorySpace Research and Remote Sensing OrganizationDhakaBangladesh
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringBangladesh University of Engineering and TechnologyDhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations