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Erodibility of calcareous soils as influenced by land use and intrinsic soil properties in a semiarid region of central Iran

  • Shamsollah Ayoubi
  • Javad Mokhtari
  • Mohammad Reza Mosaddeghi
  • Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh
Article

Abstract

The most important properties affecting the soil loss and runoff were investigated, and the effects of land use on the soil properties, together with the erodibility indices in a semiarid zone, central Iran, were evaluated. The locations of 100 positions were acquired by cLHS and 0–5-cm surface soil layer samples were used for laboratory analyses from the Borujen Region, Chaharmahal-Va-Bakhtiari Province, central Iran. To measure in situ runoff and soil erodibility of three different land uses comprising dryland, irrigated farming, and rangeland, a portable rainfall simulator was used. The results showed that the high variations (coefficient of variation, CV) were obtained for electrical conductivity (EC), mean weight diameter (MWD), soil organic carbon (SOC), and soil erodibility indices including runoff volume, soil loss, and sediment concentration (CV ~ 43.6–77.4%). Soil erodibility indices showed positive and significant correlations with bulk density and negative correlations with SOC, MWD, clay content, and soil shear strength in the area under investigation. The values of runoff in the dryland, irrigated farming, and rangeland were found 1.5, 28.9, and 58.7 cm3; soil loss in the dryland, irrigated farming, and rangeland were observed 0.25, 2.96, and 76.8 g; and the amount of sediment concentration in the dryland, irrigated farming, and rangeland were found 0.01, 0.11, and 0.15 g cm−3. It is suggested that further investigations should be carried out on soil erodibility and the potential of sediment yield in various land uses with varying topography and soil properties in semiarid regions of Iran facing the high risk of soil loss.

Keywords

Soil erosion Sediment concentration Runoff Calcareous soils Rainfall simulator 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamsollah Ayoubi
    • 1
  • Javad Mokhtari
    • 1
  • Mohammad Reza Mosaddeghi
    • 1
  • Mojtaba Zeraatpisheh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science, College of AgricultureIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

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