Analysis of flood inundation in ungauged basins based on multi-source remote sensing data

  • Wei Gao
  • Qiu Shen
  • Yuehua Zhou
  • Xin Li


Floods are among the most expensive natural hazards experienced in many places of the world and can result in heavy losses of life and economic damages. The objective of this study is to analyze flood inundation in ungauged basins by performing near-real-time detection with flood extent and depth based on multi-source remote sensing data. Via spatial distribution analysis of flood extent and depth in a time series, the inundation condition and the characteristics of flood disaster can be reflected. The results show that the multi-source remote sensing data can make up the lack of hydrological data in ungauged basins, which is helpful to reconstruct hydrological sequence; the combination of MODIS (moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer) surface reflectance productions and the DFO (Dartmouth Flood Observatory) flood database can achieve the macro-dynamic monitoring of the flood inundation in ungauged basins, and then the differential technique of high-resolution optical and microwave images before and after floods can be used to calculate flood extent to reflect spatial changes of inundation; the monitoring algorithm for the flood depth combining RS and GIS is simple and easy and can quickly calculate the depth with a known flood extent that is obtained from remote sensing images in ungauged basins. Relevant results can provide effective help for the disaster relief work performed by government departments.


Flood disaster Inundation Remote sensing monitoring Ungauged basins 


Funding information

This research is supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (2013CB430200 (2013CB430206)) and the China Special Fund for Meteorological Research in the Public Interest (GYHY201306056).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Information EngineeringChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Wuhan Regional Climate CentreWuhanChina

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