Assessment of environmental loads of Cu and Zn from intensive inland shrimp aquaculture

  • J.A. León-Cañedo
  • S.G. Alarcón-Silvas
  • J.F. Fierro-Sañudo
  • M.M. Mariscal-Lagarda
  • T. Díaz-Valdés
  • F. Páez-Osuna


An experiment was developed to simulate inland shrimp farming using diluted seawater (1.9 g L−1) containing 75 shrimps (Litopenaeus vannamei) per square meter during a growth cycle of 120 days. In this study, the environmental loads of copper and zinc were estimated and compared to anthropogenic sources and shrimp aquacultures in other locations. Both metals resulted primarily from feeding, which accounted for 91.8% of Cu and 97.0% of Zn. Concentrations of Cu (110.8 ± 11.8 μg g−1) and Zn (69.0 ± 0.7 μg g−1) measured in the harvested shrimp had higher Cu and lower Zn concentrations compared to those reported for farmed shrimp from Brazil and Mexico. Clearly, organic sludge was the main route of removal for both metals (Cu 46.2%; Zn 92.6%). The annual environmental loads estimated for inland shrimp aquaculture were 598 ± 74 g Cu ha−1 and 5080 ± 328 g Zn ha−1.


Environmental load Copper Zinc Litopenaeus vannamei Shrimp farming Gulf of California 



This work is supported by the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, and the project DGAPA-PAPIIT IN201916 Evaluación de efectos letales y subletales de amonio, nitritos y nitratos en camarón Litopenaeus vannamei en aguas de baja salinidad. The authors thank Fernando Marino Pinzón by the support from Proveedora de Larvas S.A. de C.V. (FITMAR) to facilitate the larvae used in the experiment. To H. Bojórquez Leyva, J. Ramírez-Rochin, and M. Fregoso-López for the help in the chemical analysis. This work was developed in the Experimental Module YK with FPO support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.A. León-Cañedo
    • 1
  • S.G. Alarcón-Silvas
    • 2
  • J.F. Fierro-Sañudo
    • 1
  • M.M. Mariscal-Lagarda
    • 3
  • T. Díaz-Valdés
    • 4
  • F. Páez-Osuna
    • 5
  1. 1.Posgrado en Ciencias Agropecuarias, Colegio de Ciencias AgropecuariasUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaCuliacánMéxico
  2. 2.Posgrado en Ciencias en Recursos Acuáticos, Facultad de Ciencias del MarUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaMazatlánMéxico
  3. 3.Unidad Académica Benito JuárezUniversidad Estatal de SonoraVilla JuárezMéxico
  4. 4.Facultad de AgronomíaUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaCuliacánMéxico
  5. 5.Unidad Académica Mazatlán, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y LimnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMazatlánMéxico

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