Advertisement

Determining the bioclimatic comfort in Kastamonu City

  • Mehmet Cetin
Article

Abstract

Bioclimatic comfort defines the optimal climatic conditions in which people feel healthy and dynamic. Bioclimatic comfort mapping methods are useful to urban managers and planners. For the purposes of planning, climatic conditions, as determined by bioclimatic comfort assessments, are important. Bioclimatic components such as temperature, relative humidity, and wind speeds are important in evaluating bioclimatic comfort. In this study of the climate of Kastamonu province, the most suitable areas in terms of bioclimatic comfort have been identified. In this context, climate values belonging to the province of Kastamonu are taken from a total of nine meteorological stations. Altitude (36–1050 m) between stations is noted for revealing climatic changes. The data collected from these stations, including average temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed values are transferred to geographical information system (GIS) using ArcMap 10.2.2 software. GIS maps created from the imported data has designated the most suitable comfort areas in and around the city of Kastamonu. As a result, the study shows that Kastamonu has suitable ranges for bioclimatic comfort zone. The range of bioclimatic comfort value for Kastamonu is 17.6 °C. It is between a comfort ranges which is 15–20 °C. Kastamonu City has suitable area for bioclimatic comfort.

Keywords

Bioclimatic comfort Landscape planning Ecological balance Kastamonu Effective temperature Climatic parameters 

References

  1. Attia, S., & De Herde, A. (2009). Bioclimatic architecture: design strategies in Egypt. Aachen, Germany: Sustainable energy technologies.Google Scholar
  2. Bezlova, D., & Doncheva-Boneva, M. (2011). Protected areas at the black sea cost as natural resources for development of ecotourism. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 12(3), 1179–1185.Google Scholar
  3. Cetin, M. (2015a). Using GIS analysis to assess urban green space in terms of accessibility: case study in Kutahya. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2015.1061066.Google Scholar
  4. Cetin, M. (2015b). Evaluation of the sustainable tourism potential of a protected area for landscape planning: a case study of the ancient city of Pompeipolis in Kastamonu. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2015.1081651.Google Scholar
  5. Cetin, M., Topay, M., Kaya, L. G., & Yilmaz, B. (2010). Efficiency of bioclimatic comfort in landscape planning process: the case of Kutahya. Suleyman Demirel University. Journal of Faculty of Forestry, A(1), 83–95. Isparta.Google Scholar
  6. Gumus, A. E. (2012). Analysis of bioclimatic comfort of Ankara province. Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry Journal, 13, 48–56.Google Scholar
  7. Kastamonu (2013) Kastamonu Province (Turkey): Municipalities, 2013. http://www.pbase.com/dosseman/kastamonu&page=all
  8. Kaya, L. G., Cetin, M., & Doygun, H. (2009). A holistic approach in analyzing the landscape potential: Porsuk Dam Lake and its environs, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 18(8), 1525–153.Google Scholar
  9. Milne, M. (2013). Climate consultant 5.4. UCLA, Los Angeles: Energy design tool group.Google Scholar
  10. Olgyay, V. (1973). Design with climate: bioclimatic approach to architectural regionalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Steadman, R. G. (1979). The assessment of sultriness, part I: a temperature-humidity index based on human physiology and clothing science. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 18, 861–873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Synnefa, A., Santamouris, M., & Akbari, H. (2007). Estimating the effect of using cool coatings on energy loads and thermal comfort in residential buildings in various climatic conditions. Energy and Buildings, 39(11), 1167–1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Topay, M. (2012a). Importance of thermal comfort in the sustainable landscape planning. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13(3), 1480–1487.Google Scholar
  14. Topay, M. (2012b) Human thermal comfort (HTC) for sustainable landscape planning, BENA Istanbul 2012 conference, sustainable landscape planning and safe environment proceedings book, 599–606, Istanbul.Google Scholar
  15. Topay, M. (2013). Mapping of thermal comfort for outdoor recreation planning using GIS: the case of Isparta Province (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 37, 110–120.Google Scholar
  16. Topay, M., & Cinar, I. (2008). Determining of bioclimatic comfort structure of Suleyman Demirel University East Campuses situated in the back of Mediterranean region. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 10(2008). EGU general assembly.Google Scholar
  17. Tsiourlis, G., Konstantinidis, P., & Xofis, P. (2012). An ecological assessment method: application to the vegetation units of the Lagadas country (Greece). Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13(3), 1560–1569.Google Scholar
  18. TSMS. (2015) Turkish State Meteorological Service. The information of nine meteorological stations regarding temperature and relative humanity data between the years 1975 to 2013 for Kastamonu city.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture and Engineering, Department of Landscape ArchitectureKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey

Personalised recommendations