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Cardiovascular and respiratory mortality attributed to ground-level ozone in Ahvaz, Iran

  • Gholamreza Goudarzi
  • Sahar Geravandi
  • Hossein Foruozandeh
  • Ali Akbar Babaei
  • Nadali Alavi
  • Mehdi Vosoughi Niri
  • Mohammad Javad Khodayar
  • Shokrollah Salmanzadeh
  • Mohammad Javad Mohammadi
Article

Abstract

Ahvaz, the capital city of Khuzestan Province, which produces Iran’s most oil, is on the rolls of fame in view of air pollution. It has also suffered from dust storm during the recent two decades. So, emissions from transportation systems, steel, oil, black carbon, and other industries as anthropogenic sources and dust storm as a new phenomenon are two major concerns of air pollution in Ahvaz. Without any doubt, they can cause many serious problems for the environment and humans in this megacity. The main objective of the present study was to estimate the impact of ground-level ozone (GLO) as a secondary pollutant on human heath. Data of GLO in four monitoring stations were collected at the first step and they were processed and at the final step they were inserted to a health effect model. Findings showed that cumulative cases of cardiovascular and respiratory deaths which attributed to GLO were 43 and 173 persons, respectively. Corresponding RR for these two events were 1.008 (95 % CI) and 1.004 (95 % CI), respectively. Although we did not provide a distinction between winter and summer in case of mentioned mortalities attributed to GLO, ozone concentrations in winter due to more fuel consumption and sub adiabatic condition in tropospheric atmospherewere higher than those GLO in summer.

Keywords

Air pollution Ground-level ozone Cardiovascular mortality Respiratory mortality Ahvaz 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gholamreza Goudarzi
    • 1
  • Sahar Geravandi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Hossein Foruozandeh
    • 4
  • Ali Akbar Babaei
    • 1
  • Nadali Alavi
    • 1
  • Mehdi Vosoughi Niri
    • 5
  • Mohammad Javad Khodayar
    • 4
  • Shokrollah Salmanzadeh
    • 3
    • 6
  • Mohammad Javad Mohammadi
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Environmental Technologies Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  2. 2.Islamic Azad University, Tehran Medical Sciences BranchTehranIran
  3. 3.Razi Hospital Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  4. 4.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmacy and Toxicology Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  6. 6.Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research CenterAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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