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Prioritization of catchments based on soil erosion using remote sensing and GIS

  • Gajanan K. Khadse
  • Ritesh Vijay
  • Pawan K. Labhasetwar
Article

Abstract

Water and soil are the most essential natural resources for socioeconomic development and sustenance of life. A study of soil and water dynamics at a watershed level facilitates a scientific approach towards their conservation and management. Remote sensing and Geographic Information System are tools that help to plan and manage natural resources on watershed basis. Studies were conducted for the formulation of catchment area treatment plan based on watershed prioritization with soil erosion studies using remote sensing techniques, corroborated with Geographic Information System (GIS), secondary data and ground truth information. Estimation of runoff and sediment yield is necessary in prioritization of catchment for the design of soil conservation structures and for identifying the critical erosion-prone areas of a catchment for implementation of best management plan with limited resources. The Universal Soil Loss Equation, Sediment Yield Determination and silt yield index methods are used for runoff and soil loss estimation for prioritization of the catchments. On the basis of soil erosion classes, the watersheds were grouped into very high, high, moderate and low priorities. High-priority watersheds need immediate attention for soil and water conservation, whereas low-priority watershed having good vegetative cover and low silt yield index may not need immediate attention for such treatments.

Keywords

Prioritization Catchment Remote sensing Geographic Information System Catchment area treatment Universal soil loss equation Silt yield index 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gajanan K. Khadse
    • 1
  • Ritesh Vijay
    • 1
  • Pawan K. Labhasetwar
    • 1
  1. 1.CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpurIndia

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