Seasonal and intradiurnal variation of airborne pollen concentrations in Bodrum, SW Turkey



An aeropalynological study was performed in Bodrum, the famous tourism center in southwestern Turkey with a Hirst-type volumetric 7-day pollen and spore trap for 2 years (2007–2008). In Bodrum, 25,099 pollen grains as a mean value belonging to 41 taxa were recorded annually during the study period, and pollen grains from woody plant taxa had the largest atmospheric contribution of 86.99 % and 24 taxa. However, 17 herbaceous plant taxa constituted 12.82 % of the annual total pollen count, and 0.19 % were unidentified. An average annual pollen index of 22.66 % was recorded in March, despite differences from year to year. The highest pollen variability of 34 taxa was recorded in April and May. Predominant pollen types belonged to Cupressaceae/Taxaceae (42.73 %), Quercus (15.95 %), Pinus (9.78 %), Olea europaea (9.04 %), Poaceae (5.50 %), Betula (1.82 %), Pistacia (1.74 %), Morus (1.72 %), Urticaceae (1.46 %), and Plantago (1.28 %) and generated 91.03 % of the annual total. In total, 32.59 % of the mean annual total pollen index was recorded in the morning, and less pollen was recorded in the evening (18.71 %). Maximum pollen concentration was recorded between 11:00 and 12:00 a.m.


Airborne pollen Pollen concentrations Bodrum Turkey 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

For this type of study, formal consent is not required. This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Science & Arts FacultyUludag UniversityNiluferTurkey

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