Metal distribution in marine sediment along the Doha Bay, Qatar

  • Hajer A. Al-Naimi
  • Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti
  • Ismail Al-Shaikh
  • Mehsin Al-Yafe
  • Saeed Al-Meer


Concentrations of 25 heavy metals (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Be, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sr, V, Zn and Hg) in surface sediments along the Doha Bay from 10 transects each with five stations were studied. Significant differences were observed in metal concentrations between the sampling locations and durations. Higher concentrations were observed in areas where there are a lot of anthropological activities. The distribution of selected metals was presented in contour maps showing the variation between the two periods. In order to further study particle size effect on metal uptake, two different grinding times were administered on four randomly selected samples and the results showed no significant difference on the analysis in the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) instrument. The overall results of metal analyses were within the international standards criteria, and the results were comparable to the previous studies conducted around Qatar.


Doha Bay Pollution Heavy metals Marine sediment 


Compliance with ethical requirements

We wish to confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome. We confirm that the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who satisfied the criteria for authorship but are not listed. We further confirm that the order of authors listed in the manuscript has been approved by all of us. In addition, this study did not involve human participants and/or animals.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hajer A. Al-Naimi
    • 1
  • Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti
    • 2
  • Ismail Al-Shaikh
    • 1
  • Mehsin Al-Yafe
    • 2
  • Saeed Al-Meer
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Studies CenterQatar UniversityDohaState of Qatar
  2. 2.Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and ScienceQatar UniversityDohaState of Qatar
  3. 3.Chemistry and Earth Sciences, College of Arts and ScienceQatar UniversityDohaState of Qatar

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