Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 186, Issue 9, pp 5315–5326 | Cite as

Energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis of moss and soil from abandoned mining of Pb-Zn ores



This research investigates heavy metal pollution around one of the most important mining areas in Turkey, the Sebinkarahisar (Giresun) lead–zinc mining, by means of analyzing moss and soil samples collected in the neighborhood of the copper mining at different distances. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (Epsilon 5, PANalytical, Almelo, The Netherlands) is utilized in the experiments. The results have indicated that the both moss and soil samples contain aluminum, vanadium, chromium, manganese, iron, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, barium, cerium, tungsten, and lead. The comparison of the heavy metal concentrations with the typical measurements in the world and with the limit values for the human health has revealed the critical heavy metal pollution levels in the region. The possible consequences of these results are briefly discussed from the point of potential hazards to ecology and human health.


Heavy metal Moss Soil Sebinkarahisar Mine Pollution EDXRF 



The authors would like to thank to Prof. Rene Van Grieken for his contributions.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Elementary Teaching DepartmentGiresun UniversityGiresunTurkey

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