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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 186, Issue 8, pp 5209–5220 | Cite as

Blood levels of cadmium and lead in residents near abandoned metal mine areas in Korea

  • Dong-UK Park
  • Dae-Seon Kim
  • Seung-Do Yu
  • Kyeong-Min Lee
  • Seung-Hun Ryu
  • Soo-Geun Kim
  • Won-Ho Yang
  • Doo-Yong. Park
  • Yeong-Seoub Hong
  • Jung-Duck Park
  • Byung-Kook Lee
  • Jai-Dong Moon
  • Joon Sakong
  • Seung-Chul Ahn
  • Jung-Min Ryu
  • Soon-Won Jung
Article

Abstract

We analyzed national data on blood lead levels (BLL) and blood cadmium levels (BCL) in residents living near 38 abandoned metal mining areas (n = 5,682, 18–96 years old) in Korea that were collected by the first Health Effect Surveillance for Residents in Abandoned Metal mines (HESRAM) from 2008 to 2011. The geometric mean BCL and BLL were 1.60 μg/L (95 % CI = 1.57–1.62 μg/L) and 2.87 μg/dL (95 % CI = 2.84–2.90 μg/dL), respectively, notably higher than levels in the general population in Korea and other countries. We found significantly higher BLL and BCL levels in people living within 2 km of an abandoned metal mine (n = 3,165, BCL = 1.87 μg/L, BLL = 2.91 μg/dL) compared to people living more than 2 km away (n = 2,517, BCL = 1.31 μg/L, BLL = 2.82 μg/dL; P < 0.0001) and to the general population values reported in the literature.

Keywords

Blood lead Blood cadmium HESRAM Environmental exposure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by National Institute of Environmental Research. In particular, the authors would like to thank all of the study subjects who were willing to participate in this study for their cooperation.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong-UK Park
    • 1
    • 12
  • Dae-Seon Kim
    • 2
  • Seung-Do Yu
    • 2
  • Kyeong-Min Lee
    • 3
  • Seung-Hun Ryu
    • 1
  • Soo-Geun Kim
    • 4
  • Won-Ho Yang
    • 5
  • Doo-Yong. Park
    • 6
  • Yeong-Seoub Hong
    • 7
  • Jung-Duck Park
    • 8
  • Byung-Kook Lee
    • 9
  • Jai-Dong Moon
    • 10
  • Joon Sakong
    • 11
  • Seung-Chul Ahn
    • 2
  • Jung-Min Ryu
    • 2
  • Soon-Won Jung
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental HealthKorea National Open UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Environmental Health Research DepartmentEnvironmental Health Research DivisionIncheonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Occupational Lung Diseases InstituteSeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Occupational Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung HospitalSungkyunkwan University School of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of Occupational HealthCatholic University of DaeguGyeongsan-siSouth Korea
  6. 6.Dep of Mechanical Systems EngineeringHansung UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  7. 7.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of MedicineDong-A UniversityBusanSouth Korea
  8. 8.Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  9. 9.Korean Industrial Health AssociationSeocho-3-DongSouth Korea
  10. 10.Department of Occupational and Environmental MedicineChonnam National University Hwasun HospitalHwasunSouth Korea
  11. 11.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of MedicineYeungnam UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  12. 12.Department of Environmental HealthKorea National Open UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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