Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 186, Issue 5, pp 3265–3275 | Cite as

Occurrence of perfluorinated compounds in the aquatic environment as found in science park effluent, river water, rainwater, sediments, and biotissues

  • Angela Yu-Chen Lin
  • Sri Chandana Panchangam
  • Yu-Ting Tsai
  • Tsung-Hsien Yu


The current article maps perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) contamination in the largest Science Park of Taiwan. The occurrence of ten target PFAAs in the effluent of an industrial wastewater treatment plant (IWWTP), its receiving rivers, rainwater, sediment, and the muscles and livers of fish was investigated. All target PFAAs were found in effluent of IWWTP, in which perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) (6,930 ng/L), perfluorohexyl sulfonate (PFHxS) (2,662 ng/L) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) (3,298 ng/L) were the major constituents. Concentrations of PFBS and PFOS in the IWWTP downstream areas have exceeded safe concentration levels of avian and aquatic life, indicating a potential risk to wildlife in those areas. In sediment samples, predominant contaminants were PFOS (1.5–78 ng/g), PFOA (0.5–5.6 ng/g), and perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) (nd–5.4 ng/g). In biological tissue samples, concentrations as high as 28,933 ng/g of PFOS were detected in tilapia and catfish liver samples. A positive correlation for log (C sediment/C water) and log (C tissue/C water) was found. The concentration and proportion (percentage of all PFAAs) of PFOS found in biotissue samples from the Keya River (which receives industrial wastewater) were found to be much greater (200 times) than those of samples from the Keelung River (which receives mainly domestic wastewater). These findings suggest that the receiving aquatic environments and, in turn, the human food chain can be significantly influenced by industrial discharges.


Perfluorinated compounds Industrial WWTP Water Sediment Fish 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angela Yu-Chen Lin
    • 1
  • Sri Chandana Panchangam
    • 2
  • Yu-Ting Tsai
    • 1
  • Tsung-Hsien Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Environmental EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringAnnamacharya Institute of Technology and SciencesKadapaIndia

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