Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 12, pp 10257–10268 | Cite as

Residue levels of organochlorine pesticides in some ecosystem components of Manzala Lake

  • M. M. Azab
  • A. A. Darwish
  • Hend A. Mahmoud
  • Fayza A. Sdeek


To evaluate the organochlorine pesticide (OCP) contamination of Manzala Lake, its ecosystem was investigated during the winter season (December to March). The studied ecosystem components were water, sediment, aquatic weeds, and fishes in four locations. The samples were analyzed by gas chromatography with electron capture detector. Pollutant levels of total OCPs showed significantly high levels in the water areas of Round road (46.253 ng/ml), Port-Said Damietta road (19.301 ng/ml), followed by Bughas El-Rasoah (5.539 ng/ml), then Ashtoum El Gamel (natural reserve area now) (0.289 ng/ml). Organochlorines were detected in sediment only in Round road (3.359 μg/kg) and Port-Said Damietta road (0.171 μg/kg) by significant order while they were undetectable in Ashtoum El Gamel and Bughas El-Rasoah. Total OCPs in aquatic weeds ranged between 0.194 μg/kg in Port-Said Damietta and 0.026 μg/kg in Ashtoum El Gamel. While OCPs were 0.160 and 0.153 μg/kg in Round road and Bughas El-Rasoah, respectively. Concerning fish muscles OCPs were significantly higher in the Round road area (0.397 μg/kg) followed by the Port-Said Damietta road (0.258 μg/kg), and finally, Ashtoum El Gamel samples (0.126 μg/kg). The results revealed the direct relation for the accumulation of OCPs between studied ecosystem parameters at the Manzala Lake during the winter season. Results also demonstrated that fish samples collected from the Manzala Lake in the studied areas were contaminated with levels of organochlorines, not higher than the maximum permissible level recorded by FAO/WHO, and that the public is not at risk with fish consumption.


Ecosystem Pollution Organochlorine pesticides Gas chromatography 



The authors would like to thank all the staff members at the Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Benha University, for their helps and cooperation throughout the period of this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. M. Azab
    • 1
  • A. A. Darwish
    • 1
  • Hend A. Mahmoud
    • 2
  • Fayza A. Sdeek
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Protection DepartmentBenha UniversityBenhaEgypt
  2. 2.Residue Analysis DepartmentCentral Agri. Pesticides LabDokkiEgypt

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