Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 12, pp 9819–9824 | Cite as

Dissipation kinetics of tetraconazole in three types of soil and water under laboratory condition

  • Samsul Alam
  • Dwaipayan Sengupta
  • Ramen Kumar Kole
  • Anjan Bhattacharyya


Laboratory experiment was conducted to understand the persistence behavior of tetraconazole in three soils of West Bengal (alluvial, red lateritic, and coastal saline) and also in water maintained at three different pH (4.0, 7.0, and 9.2) conditions. Processed soil samples (100 g) were spiked at two treatment doses: 2.5 μg/g (T1) and 5.0 μg/g (T2). Double distilled buffered water (200 ml) was spiked at two treatment doses: 1.0 μg/ml (T1) and 2.00 μg/ml (T2). The tetraconazole dissipation followed first-order reaction kinetics and the residual half-life (T 1/2) values in soil were found to be in the range of 66.9–77.2 days for T1 and 73.4–86.0 days for T2. The persistence increased in the order red lateritic > new alluvial > coastal saline. Interestingly, the red lateritic soil exhibited the lowest pH (5.56) and organic carbon (0.52 %) content as compared to other two soils. However, the dissipation of tetraconazole in case of water was not pH dependant. The T 1/2 values in water were in the range of 94 to 125 days. The study indicated the persistent nature of tetraconazole in soil and water.


Tetraconazole Soil Water Dissipation 



The authors are grateful to B.C.K.V. India for providing the necessary facilities and Isagro (Asia) Agrochemical Pvt Ltd., for funding the project.


  1. Alam, S., Kole, R. K., & Bhattacharyya, A. (2011). Residual fate of the fungicide tetraconazole (4 % EW) in mango. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 87(4), 444–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amer, M. M., Shehata, M. A., Lotfy, H. M., & Monir, H. H. (2007). Determination of tetraconazole and diniconazole fungicide residues in tomatoes and green beans by capillary gas chromatography. Yakugaku Zasshi, 127(6), 993–999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banerjee, K., Oulkar, D. P., Patil, S. H., Dasgupta, S., & Adsule, P. G. (2008). Degradation kinetics and safety evaluation of tetraconazole and difenoconazole residues in grape. Pest Management Science, 64(3), 283–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis (parts 1 & 2). Madison: American Society of Agronomy.Google Scholar
  5. Bromilow, R. H., Evans, A. A., & Nicholls, P. H. (1999). Factors affecting degradation rates of five triazole fungicides in two soil types: 1. Laboratory incubations. Pesticide Science, 55(12), 1129–1134.Google Scholar
  6. Corley, J. (2003). Best practices in establishing detection and quantification limits for pesticide residues in foods. In Handbook of residue analytical methods for agrochemicals (pp. 59–74). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  7. EPA (2005). Environmental fate and effects division risk assessment for the section 3 registration of tetraconazole. Accessed 27 Apr 2010.
  8. European Commission Directorate of General Health and Consumer Protection (2000) Guidance Document on Residue Analytical Methods, SANCO/825/00 rev. 6, 20 June 2000. 825–00 rev7 en.pdf. 28 Dec 2007.
  9. Fernandes, V. C., Domingues, V. F., Mateus, N., & Delerue-Matos, C. (2012). Pesticide residues in Portuguese strawberries grown in 2009–2010 using integrated pest management and organic farming. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 19(9), 4184–4192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fukuto, R. T. (1987). Organophosphates and carbamate esters: the anticholinesterase insecticides. In J. W. Biggar & J. N. Silber (Eds.), Fate of pesticides in the environment. Davis: University of California Agricultural Experiment Station Publications. Publication number 3320.Google Scholar
  11. Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. New Delhi: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  12. Khalfallah, S., Menkissoglu, S. U., & Constantinidou, H. A. (1998). Dissipation study of the fungicide tetraconazole in greenhouse-grown cucumbers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 46(4), 1614–1617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li, J., Wang, Y., Shi, J., Jiang, L., Yao, X., & Fang, L. (2012). Determination of 11 triazole fungicides in fruits using solid phase extraction and gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. China Journal of Chromatography, 30(3), 262–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Menkissoglu, S. U., Xanthopoulou, N. J., & Ioannidis, P. M. (1998). Dissipation of the fungicide tetraconazole from field-sprayed sugar beets. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 46(12), 5342–5346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Piper, C. S. (1944). Soil and plant analysis. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  16. Singh, N. (2005). Factors affecting triadimefon degradation in soils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(1), 70–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stevens, J. T., & Sumner, D. D. (1991). Herbicides. In W. J. Hayes Jr. & E. R. Laws Jr. (Eds.), Handbook of pesticide toxicology (pp. 3–5). New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  18. Thorstensen, C. W., & Lode, O. (2001). Laboratory degradation studies of bentazone, dichlorprop, MCPA and propiconazole in Norwegian soils. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30(3), 947–953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ware, G. W. (1986). Fundamentals of pesticides, a self-instruction guide (pp. 3–3). Fresno: Thompson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samsul Alam
    • 1
  • Dwaipayan Sengupta
    • 2
  • Ramen Kumar Kole
    • 2
  • Anjan Bhattacharyya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Pesticide Formulation TechnologyGurgaonIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural ChemicalsBidhan Chandra Krishi ViswavidyalayaNadiaIndia

Personalised recommendations