Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils along the coastal and estuarine areas of the northern Bohai and Yellow Seas, China
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their health risks in surface soils (n = 31) collected from coastal and estuarine areas of the northern Bohai and Yellow Seas (CEANBYS), China, were investigated. Total concentrations of PAHs ranged from 6.6 × 101 to 9.2 × 102 ng g−1 dry weight, with an average of 3.1 × 102 ng g−1 dw. The locations where greater concentrations of PAHs were observed were all near factories emitting black smoke or on the edge of the urban areas. These observations are consistent with concentrations of PAHs in soils being influenced by human activities, especially industrialization and urbanization. Concentrations of PAHs were significantly correlated with concentrations of organic carbon in soils. The patterns of relative concentrations and types of PAHs observed as well as knowledge of the potential sources were consistent with the primary sources of PAHs in soils of the CEANBYS being derived from the pyrolytic processes such as combustion of fossil fuel. The incremental lifetime cancer risks of exposing to PAHs for child, youth, and adult were 1.6 × 10−6, 1.2 × 10−6, and 1.9 × 10−6.
KeywordsPAHs Soil contamination Risk assessment Coastal areas
We gratefully acknowledged financial supports provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 41001330 and no. 41173123) and the Special Foundation of State Key Lab of Urban and Regional Ecology (grant no. SKLURE2008-1-4).
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