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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 8, pp 6407–6412 | Cite as

Analysis of mercury, selenium, and tin concentrations in canned fish marketed in Iran

  • S. V. Hosseini
  • F. Aflaki
  • S. Sobhanardakani
  • L. Tayebi
  • A. Babakhani Lashkan
  • J. M. Regenstein
Article

Abstract

The presence of heavy metals in the environment could constitute a hazard to food security and public health. These can be accumulated in aquatic animals such as fish. In the present paper, three heavy metals (mercury, selenium, and tin) in canned products produced and sold in Iran were studied: longtail tuna, Kawakawa, Kilka, and yellowfin tuna were determined using inductively coupled plasma–optical emission spectrometer and a direct mercury analyzer. Analytical results were validated by spiking the samples with various concentrations of these metals to test recovery. The metal contents, expressed in micrograms per gram, wet weight, varied depending upon the species studied. The levels of Hg ranged from 0.0003 to 0.408 μg/g, the levels of Sn ranged from 0.036 to 0.480 μg/g, while the levels of Se ranged from 0.130 to 4.500 μg/g. Comparative evaluation of these metals in different brands of canned fish showed that the average concentrations of Hg, Sn, and Se of all species is significantly lower than adverse level for the species themselves and for human consumption when compared with FAO/WHO permissible limits. Therefore, their contribution to the total body burden of these heavy metals can be considered as negligibly small.

Keywords

Canned fish Heavy metals Mercury Selenium Tin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. V. Hosseini
    • 1
  • F. Aflaki
    • 2
  • S. Sobhanardakani
    • 3
  • L. Tayebi
    • 4
  • A. Babakhani Lashkan
    • 5
  • J. M. Regenstein
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of FisheriesUniversity of TehranKarajIran
  2. 2.Nuclear Science Research SchoolNuclear Science and Technology Research InstituteTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of the Environment, Hamedan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityHamedanIran
  4. 4.Department of FisheriesMalayer UniversityMalayerIran
  5. 5.Department of FisheriesUniversity of GuilanSowmeh SaraIran
  6. 6.Department of Food ScienceCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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