Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 3, pp 2475–2482 | Cite as

Investigation of organic pollutants in wastewater-irrigated soil and its DNA damage and oxidative damage on mice

  • Hongxia Gao
  • Yidian Dong
  • Chunyan Meng
  • Weijun Guan
  • Yingli Liu
  • Guizhi Xing


This work aimed to determine the DNA and oxidative damage on mice by mixtures of organic contaminants in wastewater-irrigated soil, in order to assess their usefulness as markers for this kind of pollution. Wastewater-irrigated soil samples in the vicinity of an industrial area in Tangshan, China were collected, and soil irrigated by underground water satisfying drinking water standards was used as control group. Organic pollutants were extracted from the soil using ultrasonic oscillation, and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Meanwhile, DNA damage on mice was determined by the Comet assay after oral gavage with the extracts, and changes in total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity, glutathione peroxidase glutathione, GSH peroxidase (GSH-PX) activity and malondialdehyde content in serum of mice were investigated. The number of categories and concentrations of organic compounds in the wastewater-irrigated soil is more than those in groundwater-irrigated soil, as identified by the GC-MS. The toxicity test of mice showed that compared with reagent control group, the activities of T-SOD and GSH-PX decreased; the tailing rate of peripheral blood lymphocyte of mice increased and was more than that of the control group. This shows that mammalian toxicity end points can be used to determine the joint toxicity of organic pollutants in soil. When there is no means to identify each and every pollutant in soil, it is feasible to evaluate the combined effects of various pollutants to determine the extent to which the soil is polluted.


Wastewater irrigation soil Organic pollutants Composition analysis DNA damage Oxidative damage 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongxia Gao
    • 1
  • Yidian Dong
    • 2
  • Chunyan Meng
    • 1
  • Weijun Guan
    • 1
  • Yingli Liu
    • 1
  • Guizhi Xing
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public HealthHebei United UniversityTangshanChina
  2. 2.Civil and Environmental Engineering DepartmentImperial College LondonLondonUK

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