Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 1, pp 523–535 | Cite as

Assessing the suitability of stream water for five different uses and its aquatic environment



Surface water is one of the essential resources for supporting sustainable development. The suitability of such water for a given use depends both on the available quantity and tolerable quality. Temporary status for a surface water quality has been identified extensively. Still the suitability of the water for different purposes needs to be verified. This study proposes a water quality evaluation system to assess the aptitude of the Selangor River water for aquatic biota, drinking water production, leisure and aquatic sport, irrigation use, livestock watering, and aquaculture use. Aptitude of the water has been classified in many parts of the river segment as unsuitable for aquatic biota, drinking water production, leisure and aquatic sport as well as aquaculture use. The water quality aptitude classes of the stream water for nine locations along the river are evaluated to contribute to decision support system. The suitability of the water for five different uses and its aquatic ecosystem are verified.


Aggregation method Stream water Water quality aptitude Water quality evaluation system Water use 



This paper used the data of river water quality monitored by the Sungai Harmoni Sdn. Bhd. (local water company) in 2007 and compiled by the student of Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia during the case study session in 2008. Data and information provided by the respected institutions are greatly appreciated.


  1. Aly, S., & Vrana, I. (2008). Evaluating the knowledge, relevance and experience of expert decision makers utilizing the Fuzzy-AHP. Agricultural Economics, 2008(2), 529–535.Google Scholar
  2. Castela, J., Ferreira, V., & Graça, M. A. S. (2008). Evaluation of stream ecological integrity using litter decomposition and benthic invertebrates. Environmental Pollution, 153(2), 440–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Comoretto, L., Arfib, B., Talva, R., et al. (2008). Runoff of pesticides from rice fields in the Ile de Camargue (Rhône River delta, France): Field study and modeling. Environmental Pollution, 151(3), 486–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Department of Environment (DOE). (2003). Water Quality Management in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: DOE Documents.Google Scholar
  5. Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID). (2007). Selangor River Basin Management Plan 2007–2012. Kuala Lumpur: DID publications.Google Scholar
  6. Fulazzaky, M. A. (2009). Water quality evaluation system to assess the Brantas River water. Water Resources Management, 23(14), 3019–3033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fulazzaky, M. A. (2010). Water quality evaluation system to assess the status and the suitability of the Citarum River water to different uses. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 168(1–4), 669–684.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fulazzaky, M. A., & Hadimuljono, M. H. (2010). Evaluation of the suitability of Citarum River water for different uses. Yogyakarta: The 61st International Executive Council Meeting and 6th Asian Regional Conference.Google Scholar
  9. Fulazzaky, M. A., & Sutardi (2008). Integrated water resources management in view of environmental sustainability aspects. Batu Pahat: Penerbit UTHM.Google Scholar
  10. Fulazzaky, M. A., Teng, W. S., & Masirin, M. I. M. (2010). Assessment of water quality status for the Selangor River in Malaysia. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 205(1–4), 63–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoorman, J., Hone, T., Sudman, T., Dirksen, T., Iles, J., & Islam, K. R. (2008). Agricultural impacts on lake and stream water quality in Grand Lake St. Marys, Western Ohio. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 193(1–4), 309–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hrudey, S. E., Hrudey, E. J., & Pollard, S. J. T. (2006). Risk management for assuring safe drinking water. Environmental International, 32(8), 948–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaymak, U., & Sousa, J. M. (2003). Weighted constraint aggregation in fuzzy optimization. Constraints, 8(1), 61–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lim, K.-Y., & Surbeck, C. Q. (2011). A multi-variate methodology for analyzing pre-existing lake water quality data. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 13(9), 2477–2487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. MacGillivray, B. H., & Pollard, S. J. T. (2008). What can water utilities do to improve risk management within their business functions? An improved tool and application of process benchmarking. Environmental International, 34(8), 1120–1131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mohr, S., Feibicke, M., Berghahn, R., Schmiediche, R., & Schmidt, R. (2008). Response of plankton communities in freshwater pond and stream mesocosms to the herbicide metazachlor. Environmental Pollution, 152(3), 530–542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nikolaidis, C., Mandalos, P., & Vantarakis, A. (2008). Impact of intensive agricultural practices on drinking water quality in the Evros region (Northern Greece) by GIS analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 143(1–3), 43–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ning, S. K., & Chang, N.-B. (2002). Multi-objective, decision-based assessment of a water quality monitoring network in a river system. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 4(1), 121–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Oudin, L.C., Meybeck, M., & Roussel, P. (1999). Système d’évaluation de la qualité de l’eau des cours d’eau. Rapport de presentation SEQ-Eau (version 1), France: Agence de l’eau Loire-Bretagne.Google Scholar
  20. Pesce, S. F., & Wunderlin, D. A. (2000). Use of water quality indices to verify the impact of Córdoba city (Argentina) on Suquía River. Water Research, 34(11), 2915–2926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sari, I., & Wan Omar, W. M. (2008). Assessing the Water Quality Index of Air Itam Dam. Penang: International Conference on Environmental Research and Technology.Google Scholar
  22. Shuhaimi-Othman, M., Lim, E. C., & Mushrifah, I. (2007). Water quality changes in Chini lake, Pahang, West Malaysia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 131(1–3), 279–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sthiannopkao, S., Takizawa, S., Homewong, J., & Wirojanagud, W. (2007). Review article: Soil erosion and its impacts on water treatment in the northeastern provinces of Thailand. Environmental International, 33(5), 706–711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental and Water Resources Management, Water Research AllianceUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

Personalised recommendations