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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 1, pp 197–203 | Cite as

Evaluating the metallic pollution of riverine water and sediments: a case study of Aras River

  • F. Nasehi
  • A. H. Hassani
  • M. Monavvari
  • A. R. Karbassi
  • N. Khorasani
Article

Abstract

Metallic pollution caused by elements Zn, Cu, Fe, Pb, Ni, Cd, and Hg in water and sediments of Aras River within a specific area in Ardabil province of Iran is considered. Water and sediment samples were collected seasonally and once respectively from the five selected stations. Regarding WHO published permissible values, only Ni concentration in spring and summer water samples has exceeded the acceptable limit up to four times greater than the limit. The concentration of metals Ni, Pb, and Fe in river water shows a direct relationship with river water discharge and the amount of precipitation. Enhanced soil erosion, bed load dissolution, and runoffs may play a key role in remarkable augmentation of metallic ions concentration. Furthermore, excessive use of pesticides which contain a variety of metallic ions (mainly Cu) in spring and summer may also result in an increase in the metals’ concentration. The potential risk of Ni exposure to the water environment of the study area is assigned to juice, dairy products, edible oil, and sugar cane factories as well as soybean crop lands which are located within the sub-basin of Aras River in the study area. Regarding the sediment samples, the bioavailable metal concentrations indicate an ascending order from the first station towards the last one. In comparison with earth crust, sedimental and igneous rocks the reported metallic concentration values, except for Cd, lie within the low-risk status. Regarding Cd, the reported values in some stations (S2, S4, and S5) are up to ten times greater than that of shale which may be considered as a remarkable risk potential. The industrial and municipal wastewater generated by Parsabad moqan industrial complex and residential areas, in addition to the discharges of animal husbandry centers, may be addressed as the key factors in the sharp increase of metallic pollution potential in stations 4 and 5.

Keywords

Metallic pollution Bioavailability Sediment Cluster analysis Aras River 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Nasehi
    • 1
  • A. H. Hassani
    • 1
  • M. Monavvari
    • 1
  • A. R. Karbassi
    • 1
  • N. Khorasani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environment and Energy, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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