Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 12, pp 7293–7297 | Cite as

A new indicator of fireworks emissions in Rochester, New York

  • Yungang Wang
  • Philip K. Hopke
  • Oliver V. Rattigan
Article

Abstract

In ambient particle source apportionment studies, data for holidays such as July 4 (US Independence Day) are normally removed because of the high concentrations of chemical species and unusually high particle mass concentrations that are due to fireworks. Many cultures celebrate events with fireworks. A near real-time measurement that could indicate fireworks would be useful in indicating their impact on air quality. Commonly monitored ambient pollutants include PM2.5, CO, SO2, O3, 10–500-nm particle number, and black carbon (BC). Using a two-wavelength aethalometer, another parameter, delta-C (UVBC370 nm–BC880 nm, aethalometer), can be calculated. These variables were continuously monitored during July 1–7, 2005–2010, in Rochester, New York. High delta-C values are normally associated with biomass combustion particles. However, statistically higher delta-C values were observed on Independence Day compared to the other period. Back trajectory analysis showed transport of local fireworks smoke to the sampling site on the night of July 4. An enhanced correlation between delta-C and BC during the fireworks episodes suggests changes from the usual BC sources. Fireworks emissions changed the ambient carbonaceous particulate species during these intervals. The delta-C value was found to be a readily measured indicator of fireworks emissions during periods when wood combustion was not likely to be present and provides a tool for monitoring such emissions where they might be more common such as amusement parks.

Keywords

Fireworks Aethalometer Delta-C 

Supplementary material

10661_2011_2497_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.2 mb)
ESM 1(DOCX 1193 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yungang Wang
    • 1
  • Philip K. Hopke
    • 1
  • Oliver V. Rattigan
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Air Resource Engineering and ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  2. 2.Division of Air ResourcesNYS Department of Environmental ConservationAlbanyUSA

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