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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 184, Issue 11, pp 6527–6540 | Cite as

Remediation of hydrocarbons in crude oil-contaminated soils using Fenton’s reagent

  • Chukwunonye Ojinnaka
  • Leo Osuji
  • Ozioma Achugasim
Article

Abstract

Sandy soil samples spiked with Bonny light crude oil were subsequently treated with Fenton’s reagent at acidic, neutral, and basic pH ranges. Oil extracts from these samples including an untreated one were analyzed 1 week later with a gas chromatograph to provide evidence of hydrocarbon depletion by the oxidant. The reduction of three broad hydrocarbon groups—total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH); benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX); and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) were investigated at various pHs. Hydrocarbon removal was efficient, with treatment at the acidic pH giving the highest removal of about 96% for PAH, 99% for BTEX, and some TPH components experiencing complete disappearance. The four-ringed PAHs were depleted more than their three-ringed counterparts at the studied pH ranges.

Keywords

Fenton’s reagent Gas chromatography Sandy soil PAH TPH BTEX 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chukwunonye Ojinnaka
    • 1
  • Leo Osuji
    • 1
  • Ozioma Achugasim
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Port HarcourtRiversNigeria

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