Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 178, Issue 1–4, pp 333–347 | Cite as

Human impact on wild firewood species in the Rural Andes community of Apillapampa, Bolivia

  • Evert Thomas
  • David Douterlungne
  • Ina Vandebroek
  • Frieke Heens
  • Paul Goetghebeur
  • Patrick Van Damme


Firewood is the basic fuel source in rural Bolivia. A study was conducted in an Andean village of subsistence farmers to investigate human impact on wild firewood species. A total of 114 different fuel species was inventoried during fieldtrips and transect sampling. Specific data on abundance and growth height of wild firewood species were collected in thirty-six transects of 50 ×2 m2. Information on fuel uses of plants was obtained from 13 local Quechua key participants. To appraise the impact of fuel harvest, the extraction impact value (EIV) index was developed. This index takes into account local participants’ appreciation of (1) decreasing plant abundance; (2) regeneration capacity of plants; (3) impact of root harvesting; and (4) quality of firewood. Results suggest that several (sub-)woody plant species are negatively affected by firewood harvesting. We found that anthropogenic pressure, expressed as EIV, covaried with density of firewood species, which could entail higher human pressure on more abundant and/or more accessible species. The apparent negative impact of anthropogenic pressure on populations of wild fuel species is corroborated by our finding that, in addition to altitude, several anthropogenic variables (i.e. site accessibility, cultivation of exotics and burning practices) explain part of the variation in height of firewood species in the surroundings of Apillapampa.


Fuel Quechuas Andes Anthropogenic pressure Mountain areas Ethnobotany Plant use Firewood Vegetation ecology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evert Thomas
    • 1
  • David Douterlungne
    • 2
  • Ina Vandebroek
    • 3
  • Frieke Heens
    • 4
  • Paul Goetghebeur
    • 4
  • Patrick Van Damme
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture and EthnobotanyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Sistemas de Producción AlternativosEl Colegio de la Frontera SurSan Cristóbal de Las CasasMexico
  3. 3.Institute of Economic BotanyThe New York Botanical GardenNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Research Group Spermatophytes, Department of BiologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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