Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 177, Issue 1–4, pp 151–163 | Cite as

A novel environmental indicator for monitoring of pesticides

  • Federico Luchi
  • Valeria Vigni
  • Riccardo Basosi
  • Elena Busi


The identification of an indicator for monitoring pesticides is a very effective analytical approach because it allows one to schedule and simplify the analytical routine. In this study, a new indicator has been designed, which has to be able to define a scale of priorities in the pesticides monitoring. A starting equation was developed involving the escaping tendency of a given substance from a phase (based on the Mackay model I level). The reliability of the indicator was tested by application to a model system, consisting of a defined and limited area, choosing water as matrix over a period of 6 years. A group of marker compounds was also defined to implement the predictive efficacy of the indicator. The results obtained by modeling were compared to those obtained by experimentation of the same model system. The indicator was subsequently and appropriately modified creating a new equation, including a kinetic factor, which considers the environmental degradation processes. The effect of the rectified indicator was consistent with the sales data list of compounds, when applied to the markers. The indicator developed in this study, tested as a model on specific area-phase-period (Province of Siena, water phase, 2000–2006), is applicable to any other area-phase-period, adjusting the partition value of the Mackay model for the case under study.


Environmental indicator Pesticides monitoring Model system Multi-residual approach 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federico Luchi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Valeria Vigni
    • 2
  • Riccardo Basosi
    • 1
  • Elena Busi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  2. 2.Department of SienaARPAT (Agenzia regionale Protezione Ambientale)SienaItaly
  3. 3.Laboratorio di Sanità Pubblica Area Vasta Nord-Ovest ToscanaLuccaItaly

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