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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 167, Issue 1–4, pp 33–47 | Cite as

Metal and hydrocarbon behavior in sediments from Brazilian shallow waters drilling activities using nonaqueous drilling fluids (NAFs)

  • Maria do Carmo R. Peralba
  • Dirce Pozebon
  • João H. Z. dos Santos
  • Sandra M. Maia
  • Tânia M. Pizzolato
  • Giovani Cioccari
  • Simone Barrionuevo
Article

Abstract

The impact of drilling oil activities in the Brazilian Bonito Field/Campos Basin (Rio de Janeiro) shell drilling (300 m) using nonaqueous fluids (NAFs) was investigated with respect to Al, Fe, Mn, Ba, Co, Pb, Cu, As, Hg, Cr, Ni, Zn, Cd, V, and aliphatic and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons concentrations in the sediment. Sampling took place in three different times during approximately 33 months. For the metals Al, As, Co, Cr, Cu, Cd, Fe, Ni, Mn, V, and Zn, no significant variation was observed after drilling activities in most of the stations. However, an increase was found in Ba concentration—due to the drilling activity—without return to the levels found 22 months after drilling. High Ba contents was already detected prior to well drilling, probably due to drilling activities in other wells nearby. Hydrocarbon contents also suggest previous anthropogenic activities. Aliphatic hydrocarbon contents were in the range usually reported in other drilling sites. The same behavior was observed in the case of polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Nevertheless, the n-alkane concentration increased sharply after drilling, returning almost to predrilling levels 22 months after drilling activities.

Keywords

Metals Marine sediment NAFs Hydrocarbons Brazil 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria do Carmo R. Peralba
    • 1
  • Dirce Pozebon
    • 1
  • João H. Z. dos Santos
    • 1
  • Sandra M. Maia
    • 1
  • Tânia M. Pizzolato
    • 1
  • Giovani Cioccari
    • 2
  • Simone Barrionuevo
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, IQ-UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.PETROBRAS, CENPES, CEGEQRio de JaneiroBrazil

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