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Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 171, Issue 1–4, pp 471–486 | Cite as

Biodiversity of brackish water amphipods (crustacean) in two estuaries, southeast coast of India

  • Nityananda Mondal
  • Mayalagu Rajkumar
  • Jun Sun
  • Sourav Kundu
  • P. S. Lyla
  • Seyed Ajmal Khan
  • Jean Paul Trilles
Article

Abstract

The present study about the gammarid amphipods of Vellar and Uppanar estuaries was performed during two seasons (pre-monsoon and post-monsoon, 2005–2006), respectively, in nine habitats: five in the Vellar estuary and four in the Uppanar estuary. Amphipod samples were collected from sediments, oyster beds, seaweeds, sea grass, and mangroves. A total of 29 species of gammarid amphipods were collected in each area. The surface water temperature ranged from 16°C to 26°C, the salinity from 20 to 32 psu, and the pH between 7.5 and 8.3. Dissolved oxygen ranged from 5.3 to 7.8 ml/l. The maximum abundance of amphipods was observed during the pre-monsoon (July to September) in Vellar mangrove, and it was minimum during the pre-monsoon in Uppanar sea grass. It was found that several physicochemical factors, such as salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and the substrate have a marked effect on the distribution and the relative abundance of amphipods. The ranges of species diversity, richness, dominance, and evenness in the Vellar and Uppanar estuaries were 1.58–4.15, 1.82–5.29, 0–0.11, and 0.96–1, respectively. Using multivariate analyses, in each estuary, it was possible to identify different communities of amphipod species according to their habitats.

Keywords

Amphipods Biodiversity Vellar/Uppanar estuaries PRIMER SIMPER 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nityananda Mondal
    • 1
  • Mayalagu Rajkumar
    • 1
    • 5
  • Jun Sun
    • 2
  • Sourav Kundu
    • 1
    • 3
  • P. S. Lyla
    • 1
  • Seyed Ajmal Khan
    • 1
  • Jean Paul Trilles
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Study in Marine BiologyAnnamalai UniversityParangipettaiIndia
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Gujarat Institute of Desert EcologyBhujIndia
  4. 4.UMR 5119 (CNRS-UM2-IFREMER), Equipe Adaptation Écophysiologique et Ontogenère, CC 92Université Montpellier 2Montpellier cedex 05France
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China

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